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      Reactivity of Small Intramyocardial Arteries from Atherosclerotic and Non-Atherosclerotic Human Hearts

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          Abstract

          Little is known about how the vascular reactivity of the coronary microcirculation is affected by upstream atherosclerotic disease. We have examined, with a wire myograph, the responses of intramyocardial arteries from hearts in which the epicardial vessels were either free of atherosclerotic lesions (non-diseased group) or were affected by atherosclerosis (diseased group). Vasodilator responses of preconstricted vessels to substance P (84.1 ± 12.6 compared to 42.0 ± 19.7%) were less in vessels from the diseased group (p < 0.05). In contrast, the relaxation to bradykinin (70.2 ± 21.2 compared to 100.6 ± 7.9%) was increased in vessels from the diseased group (p < 0.05). The dilator responses to acetylcholine, adenosine diphosphate, histamine and sodium nitroprusside showed no significant differences between arteries from each group. 5-Hydroxytryptamine was without any significant vasodilator effect in arteries from either group. Assessment of contractile function revealed that the responses to 5-hydroxytryptamine, acetylcholine, U46619, endothelin-1 and L-N<sup>G</sup>-monomethylarginine in each group were not significantly different. Histamine, noradrenaline and dopamine were without any significant contractile response. These results demonstrate that upstream atherosclerosis does not confer any global impairment of endothelium-dependent vasorelaxant responses or smooth muscle hyperreactivity to vasoconstrictors in the arteries that penetrate the myocardium.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1998
          June 1998
          09 June 1998
          : 35
          : 3
          : 170-178
          Affiliations
          a Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, Heart Science Centre, Harefield Hospital, Harefield, and b Department of Clinical Pharmacology, St. Mary’s Hospital Medical School, Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother Wing, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, London, UK
          Article
          25581 J Vasc Res 1998;35:170–178
          10.1159/000025581
          9647331
          © 1998 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Figures: 3, Tables: 3, References: 43, Pages: 9
          Categories
          Research Paper

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