Objective To study the personnel composition, task, equipment and management of the national health emergency teams for radiological or nuclear emergency.
Methods According to the responsibility and task division of the health emergency team for nuclear radiation emergencies, the national medical rescue team for nuclear radiation health emergency was established and equipped, and the management work such as training and exercise was carried out based on the potential scenario during a nuclear or radiological emergency.
Results The national health emergency team for radiological or nuclear emergency was composed of professionals in the fields of radiation protection and monitoring, medical treatment, internal and external contamination treatment, food and drinking water testing, management personnel and logistics support personnel. Training and exercises is an important means to determine whether the technical capability and the equipment of the team are reasonable.
Conclusion Standardized equipment and management of the emergency teamscouldensure the rapid response and efficient implementation of nuclear radiation health emergency work in all kinds of natural disasters and public health emergencies.
摘要： 目的 研宄国家核辐射突发事件卫生应急队伍组成、任务、装备与管理。 方法 根据核辐射突发事件卫生应急 队伍的职责和任务分工, 组建国家核辐射卫生应急医学救援队伍并对队伍进行装备, 根据队伍面临的救援情景开展培 训、演练等管理工作。 结果 核辐射突发事件卫生应急队伍由辐射防护与监测、医疗救治、内外污染处理、食品饮用水 检测等专业技术人员、应急管理和后勤保障人员组成。培训演练是核辐射卫生应急队伍技术能力和装备是否合理的 重要手段。 结论 规范化的应急队伍装备与管理, 能确保在各类检验自然灾害、突发公共卫生事件中能快速响应、高 效的开展核辐射卫生应急工作。