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      Sobre a técnica Translated title: On technology

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          Abstract

          Partindo de concepções forjadas na Grécia clássica, afirma-se a idéia de 'técnica' como 'modo de fazer' portador de características relacionadas às formas de organização das sociedades onde emerge, compreendidos os saberes que cada época produz. Destacando alguns aspectos dos diversos momentos da história ocidental, apontam-se relações existentes entre técnica e ciência, entendida esta última como a busca da máxima racionalidade. Questionam-se certas posições que parecem atribuir à tecno-ciência um papel deletério, dado o conluio que haveria entre saber e poder na produção de desigualdades e injustiças sociais. No caso da medicina, sustenta-se que a ciência moderna tem fundamentado técnicas de intervenção cada vez mais eficazes, em benefício do homem e que a não resolução de todos os problemas da humanidade deriva muito mais do caráter político das desigualdades do que de um papel específico da ciência e da técnica na sua determinação.

          Translated abstract

          Based on conceptions forged in classic Greece, the article affirms the idea of technology as a "way of doing " that is underpinned by forms of organization produced by the society where the technology? has emerged and by the knowledge produced in each era. Emphasizing aspects of specific moments in Western history, it goes on to identify relations between technology and science- understood here as the search for maximum rationality. The article questions certain positions which would seem to contend that techno-science contributes to the production of social inequalities and injustice, given a kind of collusion between knowledge and power. In the case of medicine, it is held that modern science has paved the way for ever more efficacious technology for intervention that benefits humankind; furthermore, the failure to solve all of humanity's problems derives much more from the political character of these inequalities than from any specific role that science and technology could play in achieving such a solution.

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          Most cited references 15

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          El capital

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              Études d’histoire de la pensée scientifique

               A. Koyré,  A. KOYRÉ (1973)
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Journal
                hcsm
                História, Ciências, Saúde-Manguinhos
                Hist. cienc. saude-Manguinhos
                Casa de Oswaldo Cruz, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (Rio de Janeiro )
                1678-4758
                June 1996
                : 3
                : 1
                : 24-49
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Universidade de São Paulo Brazil
                Article
                S0104-59701996000100003
                10.1590/S0104-59701996000100003
                Product
                Product Information: website
                Categories
                HISTORY & PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE

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