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      DE JAKOBSON A LACAN: A CONSTRUÇÃO DA METÁFORA PATERNA Translated title: From jakobson to lacan: the construction of the paternal metaphor

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          Abstract

          RESUMO: Este artigo visa abordar as diversas nuances da metáfora no pensamento de Lacan nos anos 50. Nosso ponto de partida serão os trabalhos do linguista Roman Jakobson sobre as afasias, a partir dos quais ele postula a metáfora e a metonímia como elementos linguísticos fundamentais. Claramente influenciado por Jakobson, Lacan constrói noção de metáfora paterna sobre a qual se sustenta a hipótese da foraclusão do Nome-do-Pai como sua teoria das psicoses. A partir desses pontos, analisaremos as diferenças estruturais entre neurose e psicose no que tange às consequências da metáfora paterna no nível do significante, da fala e da falta.

          Translated abstract

          Abstract: This article aims to approach the various nuances of the metaphor in Jacques Lacan’s thought in the 1950s. Our starting point will be the works of linguist Roman Jakobson about the aphasias, from which he postulates metaphor and metonymy as fundamental linguistic elements. Clearly influenced by Jakobson, Lacan constructs the notion of paternal metaphor on which he build the hypothesis of the foreclosure of the Name-of-the-Father as his theory of psychoses. From these points, we will analyze the structural differences between neurosis and psychosis in terms of the consequences of the paternal metaphor in the level of the signifier, speech and lack.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          agora
          Ágora: Estudos em Teoria Psicanalítica
          Ágora (Rio J.)
          Programa de Pós-graduação em Teoria Psicanalítica do Instituto de Psicologia da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro - UFRJ (Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil )
          1516-1498
          September 2020
          : 23
          : 3
          : 29-37
          Affiliations
          Paris orgnameUniversité Paris Diderot - Paris VII orgdiv1Escola Doutoral- Pesquisa em Psicanálise e Psicopatologia France
          Article
          S1516-14982020000300029 S1516-1498(20)02300300029
          10.1590/1809-44142020003005

          This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

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          Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 12, Pages: 9
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