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      Relative entropy of excited states in two dimensional conformal field theories

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          Abstract

          We study the relative entropy and the trace square distance, both of which measure the distance between reduced density matrices of two excited states in two dimensional conformal field theories. We find a general formula for the relative entropy between two primary states with the same conformal dimension in the limit of a single small interval and find that in this case the relative entropy is proportional to the trace square distance. We check our general formulae by calculating the relative entropy between two generalized free fields and the trace square distance between the spin and disorder operators of the critical Ising model. We also give the leading term of the relative entropy in the small interval expansion when the two operators have different conformal dimensions. This turns out to be universal when the CFT has no primaires lighter than the stress tensor. The result reproduces the previously known special cases.

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          Gauge Theory Correlators from Non-Critical String Theory

          We suggest a means of obtaining certain Green's functions in 3+1-dimensional \({\cal N} = 4\) supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory with a large number of colors via non-critical string theory. The non-critical string theory is related to critical string theory in anti-deSitter background. We introduce a boundary of the anti-deSitter space analogous to a cut-off on the Liouville coordinate of the two-dimensional string theory. Correlation functions of operators in the gauge theory are related to the dependence of the supergravity action on the boundary conditions. From the quadratic terms in supergravity we read off the anomalous dimensions. For operators that couple to massless string states it has been established through absorption calculations that the anomalous dimensions vanish, and we rederive this result. The operators that couple to massive string states at level \(n\) acquire anomalous dimensions that grow as \(2\left (n g_{YM} \sqrt {2 N} )^{1/2}\) for large `t Hooft coupling. This is a new prediction about the strong coupling behavior of large \(N\) SYM theory.
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            Microscopic Origin of the Bekenstein-Hawking Entropy

            The Bekenstein-Hawking area-entropy relation \(S_{BH}=A/4\) is derived for a class of five-dimensional extremal black holes in string theory by counting the degeneracy of BPS soliton bound states.
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              Entanglement Entropy and Quantum Field Theory

              We carry out a systematic study of entanglement entropy in relativistic quantum field theory. This is defined as the von Neumann entropy S_A=-Tr rho_A log rho_A corresponding to the reduced density matrix rho_A of a subsystem A. For the case of a 1+1-dimensional critical system, whose continuum limit is a conformal field theory with central charge c, we re-derive the result S_A\sim(c/3) log(l) of Holzhey et al. when A is a finite interval of length l in an infinite system, and extend it to many other cases: finite systems,finite temperatures, and when A consists of an arbitrary number of disjoint intervals. For such a system away from its critical point, when the correlation length \xi is large but finite, we show that S_A\sim{\cal A}(c/6)\log\xi, where \cal A is the number of boundary points of A. These results are verified for a free massive field theory, which is also used to confirm a scaling ansatz for the case of finite-size off-critical systems, and for integrable lattice models, such as the Ising and XXZ models, which are solvable by corner transfer matrix methods. Finally the free-field results are extended to higher dimensions, and used to motivate a scaling form for the singular part of the entanglement entropy near a quantum phase transition.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                2016-03-09
                2016-04-11
                Article
                10.1007/JHEP07(2016)114
                1603.03057

                http://arxiv.org/licenses/nonexclusive-distrib/1.0/

                Custom metadata
                29 pages, 1 figure, references added
                hep-th cond-mat.str-el

                Condensed matter, High energy & Particle physics

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