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      Is Dedicated Research Time During Surgery Residency Associated With Surgeons’ Future Career Paths? : A National Study

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          Mini-Abstract :Among board-certified surgeons, we measured associations between participation in ≥1 year of research during general-surgery residency and each of full-time academic-medicine faculty appointment and federal-research award. In multivariable logistic regression models, research participation predicted a greater likelihood of faculty appointment (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] 1.790) and federal-research award (AOR 4.596). We examined associations between participation in ≥1 year of research during general surgery residency and each of full-time academic-medicine faculty appointment and mentored-K and/or Research Project Grant (RPG, including R01 and other) awards. Many surgeons participate in ≥1 year of research during residency; however, the relationship between such dedicated research during general surgery residency and surgeons’ career paths has not been investigated in a national study. We analyzed de-identified data through August 2014 from the Association of American Medical Colleges, American Board of Medical Specialties, and the National Institutes of Health Information for Management, Planning, Analysis, and Coordination II grants database for 1997–2004 US medical-school graduates who completed ≥5 years of general surgery graduate medical education (GME) and became board-certified surgeons. Using multivariable logistic regression models, we identified independent predictors of faculty appointment and K/RPG award, reporting adjusted odds ratios (AOR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) significant at P <.05. Of 5,328 board-certified surgeons, there were 1,848 (34.7%) GME-research participants, 1,658 (31.1%) faculty appointees, and 58 (1.1%) K/RPG awardees. Controlling for sex, debt, MD/PhD graduation, and other variables, GME-research participants were more likely to have received faculty appointments (AOR 1.790; 95% CI 1.573–2.037) and federal K/RPG awards (AOR 4.596; 95% CI 2.355–8.969). Nationally, general surgery GME-research participation was independently associated with faculty appointment and K/RPG award receipt. These findings serve as benchmarks for general surgery residency programs aiming to prepare trainees for careers as academicians and surgeon-scientists.

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          Annals of Surgery
          Annals of Surgery
          Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health)
          August 2018
          : 1
          © 2018


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