Jack E. Burkhalter , PhD , 1, , Liz Margolies , LCSW 2, , Hrafn Oli Sigurdsson , PhD, NP, PMHNP-BC 3 , Jonathan Walland , LLB 4 , Asa Radix , MD, MPH 5 , David Rice , RN, PhD 6 , Francisco O. Buchting , PhD 7 , Nelson F. Sanchez , MD 8 , Michael G. Bare , MPH 9 , Ulrike Boehmer , PhD 10 , Sean Cahill , PhD 11 , Tomas L. Griebling , MD, MPH 12 , Diane Bruessow , PA-C, DFAAPA 13 , Shail Maingi , MD 14
01 February 2016
Despite growing social acceptance of lesbians, gay men, bisexuals, and transgender (LGBT) persons and the extension of marriage rights for same-sex couples, LGBT persons experience stigma and discrimination, including within the healthcare system. Each population within the LGBT umbrella term is likely at elevated risk for cancer due to prevalent, significant cancer risk factors, such as tobacco use and human immunodeficiency virus infection; however, cancer incidence and mortality data among LGBT persons are lacking. This absence of cancer incidence data impedes research and policy development, LGBT communities' awareness and activation, and interventions to address cancer disparities. In this context, in 2014, a 2-day National Summit on Cancer in the LGBT Communities was convened by a planning committee for the purpose of accelerating progress in identifying and addressing the LGBT communities' concerns and needs in the spheres of cancer research, clinical cancer care, healthcare policy, and advocacy for cancer survivorship and LGBT health equity. Summit participants were 56 invited persons from the United States, United Kingdom, and Canada, representatives of diverse identities, experiences, and knowledge about LGBT communities and cancer. Participants shared lessons learned and identified gaps and remedies regarding LGBT cancer concerns across the cancer care continuum from prevention to survivorship. This white paper presents background on each of the Summit themes and 16 recommendations covering the following: sexual orientation and gender identity data collection in national and state health surveys and research on LGBT communities and cancer, the clinical care of LGBT persons, and the education and training of healthcare providers.