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      Nationwide and Long-Term Survey of Primary Glomerulonephritis in Japan as Observed in 1,850 Biopsied Cases

      Nephron

      S. Karger AG

      Primary glomerulonephritis, Renal survival, Urinalysis, IgA nephropathy, Membranous nephropathy

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          Abstract

          Primary chronic glomerulonephritis is the most common cause of end-stage renal failure in Japan. The incidence in dialysis patients in Japan is about four times higher than in the United States for reason which are unclear. We conducted a nationwide survey on the natural history and treatment of primary glomerulonephritis under a program project from the Ministry of Health and Welfare of Japan entitled ‘Progressive Chronic Renal Disease’. We analyzed patient characteristics, disease onset, clinical data, and histological findings in 1,850 patients with primary glomerulonephritis from 53 institutions in 1985 who underwent renal biopsy at least 5 years ago, and the follow-up study was carried out 8 years after registration. The incidence of diffuse-mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis is 41.9%, that of minor glomerular abnormalities 17.5%, and that of focal-mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis 13.0%. Of 1,045 biopsy specimens that were examined by immunofluorescence microscopy, 47.4% showed IgA nephropathy. Half of all cases with primary chronic glomerulonephritis were asymptomatic and were detected on routine health examination. The survival rates at 20 years from the apparent onset or earliest known renal abnormality are: focal glomerular sclerosis 49%, membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis 58%, diffuse-mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis 66%, focal-proliferative glomerulonephritis 81%, membranous nephropathy 82%, minor glomerular abnormalities 94%, and IgA nephropathy 61%. In conclusion, a high incidence of IgA nephropathy and a better renal survival of membranous nephropathy are the features of primary chronic glomerulonephritis in Japan. This high incidence of IgA nephropathy together with its poor prognosis is probably the reason for the increased incidence of primary chronic glomerulonephritis in dialysis patients in Japan. In addition, the importance of routine health examination including urinalysis is demonstrated.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1999
          July 1999
          21 June 1999
          : 82
          : 3
          : 205-213
          Article
          45404 Nephron 1999;82:205–213
          10.1159/000045404
          10395992
          © 1999 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Figures: 3, Tables: 4, References: 19, Pages: 9
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          Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/45404
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