Objective To understand the relationships between college students' aggression and self-acceptance, family intimacy and adaptability, and to provide reference for college students' aggression preventing and intervening.
Methods Using general information questionnaire, Aggression Questionnaire, Self-acceptance Questionnaire and FACES II – CV, 984 college students from 3 colleges in Xinxiang, Henan province were surveyed by questionnaire.
Results The total score of physical aggression, verbal aggression, indirect aggression and aggression in male students was higher than that of female students ( t = 7.17, 4.21, 2.05, 3.63, P<0.05) .The score of physical aggression of only children was higher than that of non-only children ( t = 2.39, P<0.05). The score of indirect attack of disciplined college students was higher than that of undisciplined college students ( t = 2.60, P<0.01). There were statistically significant differences in the total scores of indirect attack, hostility and attack among college students with different left-behind experiences ( F= 3.39, 4.61, 3.37, P<0.01) .There were statistically significant differences in the total scores of physical aggression, anger and aggression among college students by family income ( F =5.70, 3.94, 3.37, P<0.01) .Correlation analysis showed that the total score of college students' aggression was positively correlated with self-acceptance, negatively correlated with actual family intimacy and actual family adaptability ( r = 0.37, −0.09, −0.07, P<0.01). Regression analysis showed that self- acceptance, gender, disciplinary action, left-behind experience and expected family adaptability showed significant associations with total score of college students' aggression ( P<0.05).
Conclusion Self-acceptance and family closeness and adaptability are associated with aggressive behavior in college students. Schools should carry out targeted psychological health education on self-acceptance to ensure that college students maintain a reasonable level of self-acceptance, and family members should develop certain level of intimacy and adaptability, in order to reduce the occurrence of aggressive behavior of college students.
【摘要】 目的 了解大学生攻击行为与自我接纳程度、家庭亲密度与适应性的关系, 为预防和干预大学生的攻击行 为提供参考依据。 方法 采用一般资料问卷、攻击性问卷、自我接纳问卷和家庭亲密度与适应性量表, 对新乡3所院校随 机抽取的984名大学生进行问卷调查。 结果 男生身体攻击、言语攻击、间接攻击和攻击总分高于女生 ( t值分别为7.17, 4.21, 2.05, 3.63, P值均<0.05);独生子女身体攻击得分高于非独生子女 ( t = 2.39, P<0.05);受过处分的大学生间接攻击得 分高于未受过处分的大学生( t = 2.60, P<0.01);不同留守经历大学生间接攻击、敌意和攻击总分差异均有统计学意义 ( F值 分别为3.39, 4.61, 3.37, P值均<0.01);不同家庭收人水平大学生身体攻击、愤怒和攻击总分差异有统计学意义 ( F值分别 为5.70, 3.94, 3.37, P值均<0.01)。相关分析显示, 大学生攻击行为总分与自我接纳呈正相关, 与实际家庭亲密度及实际家 庭适应性均呈负相关 ( r值分别为0.37, -0.09, -0.07, P值均<0.01)。多元线性回归分析显示, 自我接纳、性别、是否受过处 分、留守经历和期望家庭适应性对大学生的攻击行为总分有一定预测作用 ( P值均<0.05)。 结论 自我接纳和家庭亲密 度、适应性与大学生攻击行为相关。学校应针对性开展关于自我接纳心理健康教育, 确保大学生保持合理的自我接纳水 平, 同时家庭成员应培养良好的亲密度与适应性, 达到减少大学生攻击行为发生的目的。