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      The awareness and parent-child communication of child sexual abuse prevention among mothers of children with hearing loss

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          Abstract

          Objective This study aims to understand the awareness, attitude and parent-child communication of child sexual abuse (CSA) prevention among mothers of children with hearing loss.

          Methods Data was collected using anonymous self-administered questionnaires among 188 mothers of children with hearing loss in 7 hearing rehabilitation institutes in Beijing, during April to June in 2018.

          Results Mothers of children with hearing loss who participated in this study lacked knowledge. Only 3 participants (1.6%) could correctly answer all the 10 items. Besides, 71 participants (37.8%) held positive or supportive attitude towards all the 6 items of CSA prevention education. Most mothers thought CSA prevention education could help to prevent CSA, agreed with school-based relative education, and permitted their children to attend education activities. In addition, the participants lacked parent-child communication of CSA prevention, for only 12 mothers (6.4%) had talked with children about all the topics of the 10 items. Knowledge of mothers with high school or higher education was better than those with middle school or lower education ( β = 0.98, P<0.01). Scores of communication were significantly higher among mothers of elder children( β = 0.33, P<0.01).

          Conclusion Further intervention should promote awareness and parent-child communication about CSA prevention among mothers of children with hearing loss.

          Abstract

          【摘要】 目的 了解听障儿童母亲预防儿童性侵犯知识、态度和交流情况, 为在听障儿童家长中开展预防儿童性侵 犯教育活动提供参考。 方法 采用不记名自填式问卷调査方法, 于 2018 年 4一6 月对北京市 7 所听力语言康复机构的 188 名听障儿童母亲进行调査。 结果 听障儿童母亲缺少预防儿童性侵犯基本知识, 仅 3 名 (1.6%) 答对全部 10 个条目。71 名 (37.8%) 对于 6 个预防儿童性侵犯教育态度条目均持积极和支持的态度。大多数母亲认为预防儿童性侵犯教育有助于 预防儿童性侵犯, 赞成在学校开展相关教育并愿意让孩子参加教育活动。亲子间有关预防性侵犯话题交流不足, 仅 12 名 (6.4%) 对量表中 10 个条目的内容进行过交流。文化程度为髙中及以上母亲预防儿童性侵犯知识好于初中及以下的母亲 (β = 0.98, P<0.01); 孩子年龄越大, 母子间预防性侵犯话题的交流得分越髙 (β = 0.33, P<0.01)。 结论 在预防儿童性侵犯 方面, 要提髙听障儿童母亲的认知水平, 促进亲子交流。

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CJSH
          Chinese Journal of School Health
          Chinese Journal of School Health (China )
          1000-9817
          01 July 2020
          01 January 2020
          : 40
          : 7
          : 1024-1027
          Affiliations
          [1] 1Institute of Child and Adolescent Health, School of Public Health, Peking University, Beijing (100191), China
          Author notes
          *Corresponding author: CHEN Jingqi, E-mail: g3jing_qi@ 123456bjmu.edu.cn
          Article
          j.cnki.1000-9817.2019.07.018
          10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2019.07.018
          191dbe49-15b1-4d3a-b75c-5d7d5aaf8332
          © 2019 Chinese Journal of School Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

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          Self URI (journal-page): http://www.cjsh.org.cn
          Categories
          Journal Article

          Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pediatrics,Nutrition & Dietetics,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry,Public health
          Violence,Hearing disorders,Child,Sex,Parent-child relations

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