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      Noninvasive Detection of Anterior Wall Asynergies by Cardiokymography Compared to Electrocardiography

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          Abstract

          In order to determine the value of cardiokymography in detecting left ventricular (LV) anterior wall asynergies, 80 consecutive patients had a cardiokymogram (CKG) and an electrocardiogram (ECG) on the day prior to coronary angiography. Technically adequate CKGs were obtained in 72 patients (67 men and 5 women, mean age 53 ± 6.5 years). For validation of regional contraction abnormalities, quantitative LV angiography was used. Stepwise linear discriminant analysis was applied to investigate the diagnostic power of CKG. Sensitivity of the CKG for LV anterior wall asynergy was 67.9% (ECG: 39.6%) and specificity was 68.4% (ECG: 94.7%) on the basis of 1 SD of the mean values of the radial axis shortening of a control group. For 2 SD, the sensitivity was 65.6% (ECG: 56.3%) and the specificity 47.5% (ECG: 90%). By combined testing, the specificity increased to 98.3%, whereas the sensitivity dropped to 26.9%. The improvement of the post-test likelihood for a positive ECG by a positive CKG is especially pronounced in the intermediate prevalence range, wheras for a negative ECG the post-test likelihood can be further decreased by a negative CKG in the intermediate and high prevalence range. The ECG as a single test seems to be the more appropriate noninvasive method for detecting LV anterior wall asynergies; however, the combined use of both ECG and CKG may considerably improve the diagnostic accuracy.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1988
          1988
          11 November 2008
          : 75
          : 2
          : 100-107
          Affiliations
          aHöhenried Clinic for Cardiovascular Diseases, Berimed; bDepartment of Internal Medicine, Division of Cardiology, University of Ulm; cGSF/MEDIS Institute, Neuherberg, FRG
          Article
          174356 Cardiology 1988;75:100–107
          10.1159/000174356
          3370652
          © 1988 S. Karger AG, Basel

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          Page count
          Pages: 8
          Categories
          Original Paper

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