Yutaro Tasaki , MD a , Eijun Sueyoshi , MD a , ∗ , Hiroko Takamatsu , MD a , Yoshifumi Matsushima , MD a , Shuto Miyamura , MD a , Ichiro Sakamoto , MD a , Yasushi Mochizuki , MD b , Masataka Uetani , MD a
04 September 2020
The outcomes of carbon dioxide digital subtraction angiography (CO2-DSA) for performing percutaneous transluminal balloon angioplasty (balloon PTA) in hemodialysis patients has not been fully clarified. The purpose was to compare the outcomes of balloon PTA of hemodialysis shunts in terms of vessel patency between patients treated using CO2-DSA and conventional digital subtraction angiography using iodine contrast medium (C-DSA).
We retrospectively evaluated 76 patients (38 males and 38 females, mean age: 65.0 ± 14.0 years). They were under hemodialysis and treated with balloon PTA using CO2-DSA or C-DSA at our institution between 2009 and 2016. Mean duration of the follow-up period was 25.59 ± 21.45 months. We compared the patency rates obtained after CO2-DSA-based balloon PTA with those after C-DSA-based balloon PTA. Secondary patency, which was defined as the duration of patency after all further endovascular interventions until surgical repair, was considered as the endpoint in this study.
Overall, 19 and 57 patients underwent CO2-DSA- and C-DSA-based balloon PTA, respectively. CO2-DSA- and C-DSA-based balloon PTA produced clinical success rates of 100% and 96.5%, respectively. Blood vessel injury occurred in one patient who underwent C-DSA-based balloon PTA. No major complications occurred in CO2 group. At 24 months, the post-PTA secondary patency rates of CO2-DSA- and C-DSA-based balloon PTA were 94.1% and 93.9%, respectively ( P = .9594).
CO2-DSA is safe for hemodialysis patients. Compared with C-DSA, CO2-DSA-based balloon PTA produces have a similar secondary patency rate.