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      Stereotactic body radiotherapy for localized prostate cancer: Pooled analysis from a multi-institutional consortium of prospective phase II trials

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          Abstract

          The effectiveness of stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for localized prostate cancer is tested. A total of 1100 patients with clinically localized prostate cancer were enrolled in separate prospective phase 2 clinical trials of SBRT from 8 institutions during 2003-11 and pooled for analysis. SBRT using the CyberKnife delivered a median dose of 36.25Gy in 4-5 fractions. Patients were low-risk (58%), intermediate-risk (30%) and high-risk (11%). A short-course of androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) was given to 14%. PSA relapse defined as a rise >2ng/ml above nadir was analyzed with the Kaplan Meier method. With a median follow-up of 36months there were 49 patients with PSA failure (4.5%), 9 of whom were subsequently determined to be benign PSA bounces. The 5-year biochemical relapse free survival (bRFS) rate was 93% for all patients; 95%, 83% and 78% for GS ⩽6, 7 and ⩾8, respectively (p=0.001), and 95%, 84% and 81% for low-, intermediate- and high-risk patients, respectively (p<0.001). No differences were observed with ADT (p=0.71) or as a function of total dose (p=0.17). A PSA bounce of >0.2ng/ml was noted among 16% of patients. For 135 patients possessing a minimum of 5years follow-up, the 5-year bRFS rate for low- and intermediate-risk patients was 99% and 93%, respectively. PSA relapse-free survival rates after SBRT compare favorably with other definitive treatments for low and intermediate risk patients. The current evidence supports consideration of SBRT among the therapeutic options for these patients. Copyright © 2013 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.. All rights reserved.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Radiotherapy and Oncology
          Radiotherapy and Oncology
          Elsevier BV
          01678140
          November 2013
          November 2013
          : 109
          : 2
          : 217-221
          Article
          10.1016/j.radonc.2013.08.030
          24060175
          © 2013

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