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      Personal strength and finding meaning in conjugally bereaved older adults: a four-year prospective analysis.

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          Abstract

          This study was performed to identify the patterns and mechanisms of the development of personal strength of bereaved older adults over a 4-year period after spousal death. The findings showed that while bereaved older adults, on average, experienced a moderate level of personal strength at 6 months post-spousal death with a slight increase over a 4-year period, there was a significant individual difference in the level of personal strength at 6 months post-spousal death. Finding meaning was a crucial factor influencing interindividual differences in personal strength at 6 months post-spousal death, mediating between social support and personal strength as well as caregiving strain and personal strength. Having higher religiosity was directly associated with a higher level of personal strength.

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          Author and article information

          Affiliations
          [1 ] The Institute of Nursing Science, College of Nursing, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, South Korea. suhyun_kim@knu.ac.kr
          [2 ] School of Nursing, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA.
          [3 ] College of Nursing, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, USA.
          [4 ] The Institute of Nursing Science, College of Nursing, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, South Korea.
          Journal
          Death Stud
          Death studies
          0748-1187
          0748-1187
          Mar 2011
          : 35
          : 3
          24501843

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