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      Amelioration of Antioxidant Enzyme Suppression and Proteinuria in Cyclosporin-Treated Puromycin Nephrosis

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          Abstract

          The effect of cyclosporin (CS) on intrinsic glomerular level of antioxidants in puromycin aminonucleoside (PAN) nephrosis was examined. A single intravenous dose of PAN (50 mg/kg body weight) given to Sprague-Dawley rats resulted in marked proteinuria. Ten days after PAN injection, the rats were treated with daily intraperitoneal injection of CS (10 mg/kg body weight/day) for 10 days. PAN-treated rats without CS treatment (PAN rats) had significantly lower activities of glomerular superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) than normal rats (p < 0.05, respectively). When compared with PAN rats, CS-treated PAN rats had significantly less proteinuria and higher activities of glomerular SOD and CAT (p < 0.01 and p < 0.05, respectively). Significant elevation of glomerular malondialdehyde (MDA) level characteristic of PAN rats was absent in CS-treated PAN rats. Moreover, segmental sclerosis with capsular adhesion, hyalinosis, epithelial cell foot process fusion and microvillous transformation seen in PAN rats were apparently attenuated in CS-treated PAN rats. When compared with normal rats, rats receiving CS only had a significantly higher CAT activity and MDA level (p < 0.01 and p < 0.05, respectively). Assessment of glomerular reduced glutathione revealed no significant differences among PAN rats, CS-treated PAN rats, normal rats, and rats receiving only CS. These data indicate that glomerular antioxidant enzyme activities are modulated by CS.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1993
          1993
          12 December 2008
          : 65
          : 3
          : 418-425
          Affiliations
          aDepartment of Pathology, Veterans General Hospital-Taipei VACRS, and Department of Pathology, National Yang-Ming Medical College, Taipei; bNephrology Laboratory, Department of Medical Research, Veterans General Hospital-Taipei, Taiwan, ROC
          Article
          187523 Nephron 1993;65:418–425
          10.1159/000187523
          8289993
          © 1993 S. Karger AG, Basel

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          Page count
          Pages: 8
          Categories
          Original Paper

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