The Klang Gates Quartz Ridge (KGQR) is proposed for protection as National Heritage and as a UNESCO World Heritage Site because of its spectacular size, exceptional beauty and significant biodiversity. The checklist of vascular plants documents 314 species that comprise a unique combination that grows on lowland quartz and that is distinct from the surrounding lowland equatorial rain forest by the absence of orchids, palms, gingers and tree canopy families. The Rubiaceae , Gramineae , Moraceae , Apocynaceae , Melastomataceae and Polypodiaceae are the most speciose families. The summit vegetation at 200–400 m elevation is dominated by Baeckea frutescens ( Myrtaceae ) and Rhodoleia championii ( Hamamelidaceae ) and shows similarities to the plant community on rocky mountain peaks above 1500 m. About 11% of its species are endemic in Peninsular Malaysia and four are endemic to KGQR: Aleisanthia rupestris ( Rubiaceae ), Codonoboea primulina ( Gesneriaceae ), Spermacoce pilulifera ( Rubiaceae ), and Ilex praetermissa ( Aquifoliaceae ). All four are provisionally assessed as Critically Endangered. Two, Eulalia milsumi ( Gramineae ) and Sonerila prostrata ( Melastomataceae ), are endemic to KGQR and a few neighbouring smaller quartz dykes. They are assessed as Endangered. The KGQR is a fragile habitat and conservation management is urgently required to halt the spread of the aggressive alien grass, Pennisetum polystachion and to prevent further habitat degradation from visitors. Based on KGQR being a threatened habitat, its biodiverse flora, and endangered species, it qualifies as an Important Plant Area.