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      Morphometric Analysis of Monkey Cerebral Arteries Exposed in vivo to Whole Blood, Oxyhemoglobin, Methemoglobin, and Bilirubin

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          Abstract

          Whether vasospasm results from smooth muscle contraction or from arterial wall infiltration by cells and other material is subject to debate. Computer-assisted image analysis was used to measure lumen area, total wall area, and area of tunica media plus tunica intima of cross-sections of monkey right middle cerebral arteries (MCAs), exposed in vivo for 6 days to whole blood (n = 4), oxyhemoglobin (OxyHb, n = 5), methemoglobin (MetHb, n = 5), bilirubin (n = 5), mock cerebrospinal fluid (CSF, n = 6), and supernatant fluid from an incubated mixture of autologous blood and mock CSF (n = 5). Five control (left) MCAs from each group and 4 MCAs contracted in vitro with potassium chloride were measured. Significant angiographic vasospasm occurred in groups receiving whole blood, supernatant fluid, and OxyHb (p < 0.05). There was significant correlation (r = 0.58, p < 0.05) between right MCA diameter on angiography and diameter calculated from lumen area. When compared to effects of mock CSF, OxyHb significantly increased total wall area. When right and left MCAs were compared within groups, total wall area increased in every group with significant increases in groups exposed to mock CSF, OxyHb, and bilirubin (p < 0.05). No changes developed in area of tunica media plus tunica intima, whether comparing right versus left MCAs within groups or right MCAs between groups. Contraction in vitro did not significantly increase total wall area or area of tunica media plus tunica intima. Light

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1991
          1991
          23 September 2008
          : 28
          : 6
          : 498-510
          Affiliations
          a1 Division of Neurosurgery, bDepartment of Surgery, cFaculty of Rehabilitation Medicine and dDepartment of Pharmacology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada
          Article
          158896 Blood Vessels 1991;28:498–510
          10.1159/000158896
          1782405
          © 1991 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 13
          Categories
          Research Paper

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