Objective To evaluate the effect of schistosomiasis control in Mianyang City in ten years after Wenchuan earth-quake, so as to provide the experiences for schistosomiasis control post-disaster.
Methods The data of implementation of schistosomiasis control work in ten years after the Wenchuan earthquake were collected and analyzed for the epidemic situation of schistosomiasis in Mianyang City. Meanwhile, the awareness situation on schistosomiasis control of villagers and students was investigated by questionnaires in 2008 and 2015.
Results All of the 6 counties (cities, districts) with schistosomiasis endemic in Mianyang City were hit by the earthquake disaster. After the disaster, the measurements including the conventional schistosomiasis control measures, the control of exogenous infection sources, the control of Oncomelania hupensis snails, and health education were carried out. The relevant departments of schistosomiasis control were cooperated to implement the prevention and control measures. The schistosomiasis prevalence of population and the snail condition rose in the year of the earthquake, but then declined year by year. In 2015, the awareness rates of schistosomiasis control of both villagers and the students were significantly improved compared with those in 2008.
Conclusion The measures of schistosomiasis control after the earthquake disaster are effective in Mianyang City, and the goal to prevent major plague after the earthquake is achieved.
［摘要］ 目的 评价汶川特大地震后10年来绵阳市灾后血吸虫病防控工作所取得的成效, 为开展灾后血防工作提供经 验。 方法 收集汶川特大地震后绵阳市血吸虫病防控措施实施情况, 分析全市血吸虫病疫情变化。同时, 分别于2008 年及2015年对村民和学生进行血防知识知晓情况问卷调查。 结果 绵阳市6个血吸虫病流行县 (市、区) 均遭受地震灾 害, 灾后围绕常规血防措施、传染源输入防控、钉螺监测和健康教育等方面开展血防工作。各血防相关部门协同配合, 主 动落实防控措施。人群病情和螺情在地震当年上升, 之后逐年下降。2015年人群血防知识知晓率较2008年有较大提 升。 结论 绵阳市灾后血吸虫病防控措施行之有效, 实现了“灾后无大疫”的阶段目标。