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      Trends of substance abuse behavior among adolescents in Guangdong Province, 2007 — 2016

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          Abstract

          Objective To analyle prevalence and trend of substance abuse behaviors among adolescents in Guangdong province and to provide theoretical evidence for effective interventions.

          Methods Data regarding smoking, drinking, drugs abuse from Adolescents Health Risk Behavior Survey in 2007, 2010, 2013 and 2016 were collected and comparatively analyzed.

          Results The incidences of tried smoking (27.37%), current smoking (8.32%), passive smoking (45.52%), current drinking (27.97%) and drug using (0.75%) in 2016 were lower than that in 2007(32.40%, 10.81%, 52.69%, 31.97%, 1.35%), and the average annual decrease rate were 1.89%, 2.95%, 1.64%, 1.50%, 6.75%, respectively χ 2 = 152.73, 92.50, 313.92, 46.48, 46.64, P<0.01). During the past decate, the incidences of current smoking in rural adolescents (12.02%, 10.64%, 9.99%, 10.10%) were significantly higher than that in urban adolescents(8.88%, 8.52%, 8.17%, 6.56%) (χ 2= 54.46, 26.62, 25.23, 100.43, P<0.01) ; the incidences of current drinking in urban adolescents (33.57%, 30.37%, 35.76%, 30.46%) were significantly higher than that in rural adolescents (30.97%, 28.48%, 28.47%, 25.32%) (χ 2= 16.71, 10.13, 153.47, 81.76, P<0.01) ; the incidence of current drinking was the highest among college students in each monitoring year (47.71%, 41.76%, 42.36%, 37.77%) (χ 2 = 583.37, 681.25, 610.04, 729.02, P<0.01) ; the incidence of current smoking was the highest among vocational school students in each monitoring year (16.36%, 17.00%, 14.90%, 16.71%)(χ 2 =256.45, 515.61, 339.63, 742.52, P<0.01); In addition to the incidence of drug abuse was the highest among college students in 2010 (2.02%), vocational school students were the highest in other years (χ 2 = 66.92, 34.38, 23.08, 20.55, P<0.01).

          Conclusion Smoking and drug abuse among adolescents in Guangdong showed a declining trend by years, as well as the prevalence of drinking behavior. Strengthened intervention should be targeted on smoking behavior among rural students, drinking behavior among urban students, and smoking behavior and drug abuse among vocational school students.

          Abstract

          【摘要】 目的分析广东省青少年物质滥用行为动态变化趋势,为制定科学有效的干预措施提供理论依据。 方法分析2007-2016年广东省青少年健康危险行为监测数据,比较分析吸烟、饮酒、滥用药物和毒品等物质滥用行为变化情况。结果2016年广东青少年尝试吸烟率(27.37%)、现在吸烟率(8.32%)、被动吸烟率(45.52%)、现在饮酒率(27.97%)、毒品使用率(0.75%)较2007年(32.40%,10.81%,52.69%,31.97%,1.35%)均呈下降趋势,年均降幅分别为1.89%,2.95%,1.64%,1.50%,6.75%(χ 2趋势值分别为152.73,92.50,313.92,46.48,46.64, P值均<0.01)。10年间4次调査农村青少年现在吸烟行为发生率(12.02%,10.64%,9.99%,10.10%)均髙于城市(8.88%,8.52%,8.17%,6.56%),差异均有统计学意义(χ 2值分别为54.46,26.62,25.23,100.43 ,P值均<0.01);城市青少年现在饮酒行为发生率(33.57%,30.37%,35.76%,30.46%)均髙于农村(30.97%,28.48%,28.47%,25.32%),差异均有统计学意义(χ 2值分别为16.71,10.13,153.47,81.76,P值均<0.01);现在饮酒行为发生率以大学生为最髙(47.71%,41.76%,42.36%,37.77%),差异均有统计学意义(χ 2值分别为583.37,681.25,610.04,729.02,P值均<0.01);现在吸烟行为发生率以职校生(16.36%,17.00%,14.90%,16.71%)为最髙,差异均有统计学意义(χ 2值分别为256.45,515.61,339.63,742.52,P值均<0.01);除2010年大学生毒品使用率(2.02%)最髙外,其他年份以职校生最髙,差异均有统计学意义(χ 2值分别为66.92,34.38,23.08,20.55,P值均<0.01)。 结论广东省青少年吸烟、滥用药物和毒品等物质滥用行为发生率逐年下降,现在饮酒率有所下降。应针对性加强对农村学生吸烟、城市学生饮酒、职校学生吸烟和毒品使用的干预。

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CJSH
          Chinese Journal of School Health
          Chinese Journal of School Health (China )
          1000-9817
          01 November 2020
          01 November 2020
          : 41
          : 11
          : 1650-1653
          Affiliations
          [1] 1Department of Environmental and School Health, Guangdong Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Guangzhou (511430), China
          Article
          j.cnki.1000-9817.2020.11.014
          10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2020.11.014
          1b39ca9f-7754-478c-bc18-716129dc79f5
          © 2020 Chinese Journal of School Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

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          Self URI (journal-page): http://www.cjsh.org.cn
          Categories
          Journal Article

          Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pediatrics,Nutrition & Dietetics,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry,Public health
          Smoking,Dangerous behavior,Substance abuse, intravenous,Adolescent,Alcohol drinking

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