We correlated ST elevation in various leads on admission and regional dysfunction in 132 patient with first anterior acute myocardial infarction using echocardiography. ST elevation in leads I and a VL and II, III and aVF was not associated with a specific pattern of regional dysfunction. Basal anterior and septal regional dysfunction were seen more often in patients with ST elevation in V1 (49 vs. 25%, p = 0.006; 35 vs. 17%, p = 0.048, respectively). Patients with ST elevation in V2 had more regional dysfunction of the apical inferior region (84 vs. 53%; p = 0.01). ST elevation in V5 and V6 was not associated with more apical or lateral wall motion abnormalities. ST elevation in lead V1 in anterior myocardial infarction is associated with a high incidence of regional dysfunction of the basal anterior, anteroseptal and septal regions.