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      Emotional foundations of cognitive control.

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          Abstract

          Often seen as the paragon of higher cognition, here we suggest that cognitive control is dependent on emotion. Rather than asking whether control is influenced by emotion, we ask whether control itself can be understood as an emotional process. Reviewing converging evidence from cybernetics, animal research, cognitive neuroscience, and social and personality psychology, we suggest that cognitive control is initiated when goal conflicts evoke phasic changes to emotional primitives that both focus attention on the presence of goal conflicts and energize conflict resolution to support goal-directed behavior. Critically, we propose that emotion is not an inert byproduct of conflict but is instrumental in recruiting control. Appreciating the emotional foundations of control leads to testable predictions that can spur future research.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Trends Cogn. Sci. (Regul. Ed.)
          Trends in cognitive sciences
          1879-307X
          1364-6613
          Mar 2015
          : 19
          : 3
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, 1265 Military Trail, Toronto, Ontario M1C 1A4, Canada; Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario M1C 1A4, Canada. Electronic address: michael.inzlicht@utoronto.ca.
          [2 ] Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, 210 McAlester Hall, Columbia, MO 65211, USA.
          [3 ] Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario M1C 1A4, Canada.
          Article
          S1364-6613(15)00005-4 NIHMS665621
          10.1016/j.tics.2015.01.004
          4348332
          25659515
          1bd97125-0641-4181-bc93-dc305f57759a
          Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
          History

          anterior cingulate cortex,anxiety,cognitive control,emotion,motivation

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