Cladosporium is a monophyletic genus in Cladosporiaceae ( Cladosporiales , Dothideomycetes ) whose species are mainly found as saprobes and endophytes, but it also includes fungi pathogenic for plants, animals and human. Species identification is currently based on three genetic markers, viz., the internal transcribed spacer regions (ITS) of the rDNA, and partial fragments of actin ( act) and the translation elongation factor 1-α ( tef1) genes. Using this phylogenetic approach and from morphological differences, we have recognized six new species originating from soil, herbivore dung and plant material collected at different Spanish locations. They are proposed as Cladosporium caprifimosum , C. coprophilum , C. fuscoviride and C. lentulum belonging in the C. cladosporioides species complex, and C. pseudotenellum and C. submersum belonging in the C. herbarum species complex. This study revealed that herbivore dung represented a reservoir of novel lineages in the genus Cladosporium .