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      Delayed Age-Associated Decrease in Growth Hormone Pulsatile Secretion and Increased Orexigenic Peptide Expression in the Lou C/Jall Rat

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          Since modifications in the growth hormone/insulin-like growth factor 1 (GH/IGF-1) axis and/or caloric restriction are involved in the ageing process, GH secretory profiles, total IGF-1, ghrelin, and leptin plasma levels and expression of genes implicated in somatotrope axis and food intake regulation in hypothalamus and pituitary were compared in 3-, 12-, and 24-month-old male Lou C/Jall rats and their parent strain, the Wistar rats. The Lou C/Jall strain may appear as a healthy ageing model, since it does not become obese with age and maintains its caloric intake at 2 years of age. The GH pulsatile secretion decreased from 3 months in Wistar, but only after 12 months in Lou C/Jall rats. The IGF-1 levels were lower in Lou C/Jall rats and decreased more steeply with ageing as compared with Wistar rats. The total ghrelin levels were higher in young Lou C/Jall rats than in Wistar rats, but increased similarly with age in both strains. The leptin concentrations increased with ageing only in Wistar rats. By semiquantitative reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction, pituitary GH secretagogue receptors and GH mRNA levels were more abundant in Lou C/Jall rats, and the latter decreased with ageing in Wistar rats only. Hypothalamic growth-hormone-releasing hormone and GH secretagogue receptor mRNA levels were similar in both strains and transiently increased only in middle-aged Wistar rats. Agouti-related peptide, neuropeptide Y, and orexin mRNA levels were more abundant in the Lou C/Jall rat hypothalamus, and the two former tended to further increase with age only in this strain. Conversely, the hypothalamic pro-opiomelanocortin mRNA levels were higher in old Wistar rats. In conclusion, ageing in Lou C/Jall rats is associated with a delayed decrease in pulsatile GH secretion in the presence of a lower IGF-1 tone and an increase in the expression of orexigenic neuropeptides in the hypothalamus.

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          Most cited references 19

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          Extension of life-span by loss of CHICO, a Drosophila insulin receptor substrate protein.

          The Drosophila melanogaster gene chico encodes an insulin receptor substrate that functions in an insulin/insulin-like growth factor (IGF) signaling pathway. In the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans, insulin/IGF signaling regulates adult longevity. We found that mutation of chico extends fruit fly median life-span by up to 48% in homozygotes and 36% in heterozygotes. Extension of life-span was not a result of impaired oogenesis in chico females, nor was it consistently correlated with increased stress resistance. The dwarf phenotype of chico homozygotes was also unnecessary for extension of life-span. The role of insulin/IGF signaling in regulating animal aging is therefore evolutionarily conserved.
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                Author and article information

                S. Karger AG
                February 2005
                25 February 2005
                : 80
                : 5
                : 273-283
                aINSERM U549, IFR Broca-Ste-Anne, Université Paris 5, Paris, et bNeuroendocrinologie du vieillissement «Adaptations physiologiques et comportementales», Complexe scientifique des Cézeaux, Université Blaise-Pascal, Aubière, France
                83610 Neuroendocrinology 2004;80:273–283
                © 2004 S. Karger AG, Basel

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                Page count
                Figures: 5, Tables: 2, References: 43, Pages: 11
                Original Paper


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