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      O "pessimismo sentimental" e a experiência etnográfica: por que a cultura não é um "objeto" em via de extinção (parte I)

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          Abstract

          Este artigo (publicado em duas partes) examina e refuta as críticas ao conceito de cultura. A identificação pós-modernista da "cultura" com o colonialismo e o imperialismo é um diagnóstico falso: o contexto histórico-ideológico de gestação da idéia de cultura, marcado pela reação ao universalismo iluminista, aponta na direção oposta. Por sua vez, as ansiedades sobre o fim iminente da variedade cultural humana se mostram sem objeto: a globalização e outras peripécias capitalistas, longe de impor uma hegemonia monótona sobre o planeta, têm gerado uma diversidade de formas e conteúdos culturais historicamente sem precedentes

          Translated abstract

          This article (published in two parts) examines and refutes critiques of the concept of culture. The post-modernist identification of "culture" with colonialism and imperialism is a false diagnosis: marked by its reaction to Enlightenment universalism, the historico-idelogical context within which the idea of culture took shape indicates the opposite. In turn, anxieties over the imminent end of human cultural variety are revealed to be foundless: globalisation and others capitalist phenomena, far from imposing a monotonous hegemony on the planet, have generated a historically unprecedent diversity of cultural forms and contents.

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          Most cited references 77

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          The Predicament of Culture: Twentieth Century Ethnography, Literature, and Art

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            The Making of the English Working Class

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              Argonauts of the Western Pacific

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Journal
                s_mana
                Mana
                Mana
                Programa de Pós-Graduação em Antropologia Social - PPGAS-Museu Nacional, da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro - UFRJ (Rio de Janeiro )
                0104-9313
                April 1997
                : 3
                : 1
                : 41-73
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Universidade de Chicago
                Article
                S0104-93131997000100002
                10.1590/S0104-93131997000100002

                http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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                Product Information: SciELO Brazil

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