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      Effects of Estrogen on Muscarinic Acetylcholine Receptors in the Rat Hippocampus

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          Abstract

          The aim of the present study was to investigate whether different estrogen manipulations have effects on the expression of muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (mAChRs) in the adult female rat hippocampus. Hippocampus was obtained from rats in proestrus (control), ovariectomized for 2, 10 and 15 days, ovariectomized for 15 days and treated with 17β-estradiol for 7 days, and treated with 17β-estradiol immediately after ovariectomy for 21 days. Rats’ estrogen status was monitored by measuring estradiol plasma levels and uterus relative weight. [<sup>3</sup>H]quinuclidinyl benzilate ([<sup>3</sup>H]QNB) binding studies indicated that ovariectomy time-dependently increases the number of mAChRs in hippocampus when compared to those obtained from control rats. Estradiol treatments for 21 days avoid the effect of ovariectomy. However, the estradiol treatments for 7 days after 15 days of ovariectomy slightly change the number of mAChRs. In conclusion, these results showed that ovariectomy time-dependently increases mAChRs number in the rat hippocampus. In addition, these data suggest that treatment with estradiol initiated within a specific period of time after the loss of ovarian function may be effective at preventing specific effects of hormone deprivation on hippocampus.

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          Most cited references 41

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          Ligand: a versatile computerized approach for characterization of ligand-binding systems.

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            Comparative distribution of estrogen receptor-? and -? mRNA in the rat central nervous system

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              Estrogen Actions in the Central Nervous System

               B S McEwen (1999)
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                NEN
                Neuroendocrinology
                10.1159/issn.0028-3835
                Neuroendocrinology
                S. Karger AG
                0028-3835
                1423-0194
                2004
                May 2005
                25 May 2005
                : 80
                : 6
                : 379-386
                Affiliations
                aLaboratory of Pharmacology, Instituto Butantan, and bSection of Experimental Endocrinology, Department of Pharmacology, Universidade Federal de São Paulo-Escola Paulista de Medicina, São Paulo, Brazil
                Article
                84202 Neuroendocrinology 2004;80:379–386
                10.1159/000084202
                15741743
                © 2004 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 3, Tables: 1, References: 53, Pages: 8
                Categories
                Original Paper

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