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      Efficacy and safety of nicorandil on perioperative myocardial injury in patients undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention: results of the PENMIPCI trial

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          Abstract

          Background

          Previous studies have indicated that nicorandil can reduce perioperative myocardial injury (PMI) in patients undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention (ePCI), but this conclusion is still controversial. Additionally, studies reporting on the safety of nicorandil are lacking. Therefore, we performed this prospective study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of nicorandil on PMI in patients undergoing ePCI.

          Methods

          One hundred and forty-six patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) scheduled to undergo ePCI were randomly assigned to the nicorandil group (n=74) or control group (n=72). The primary outcomes were the change in cardiac troponin T (cTnT) and creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) at 12 and 24 hours after surgery. The secondary outcome was the incidence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE), which was a composite of cardiac death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, new heart failure or coronary revascularization.

          Results

          There was no difference in age (54.76±5.93 vs 56.35±5.22) between the nicorandil group and the control group. In addition, no differences were observed in the cTnT and CK-MB levels between the two groups at admission (all P⩾0.05). Compared with those in the control group, the cTnT (0.15±0.12 vs 0.12±0.10 at 12 hours and 0.17±0.12 vs 0.13±0.10 at 24 hours) and CK-MB (15.35±8.23 vs 12.31±7.93 at 12 hours and 13.63±8.87 vs 11.13±5.71 at 24 hours) levels in the nicorandil group were significantly decreased after surgery (all P⩽0.05). Furthermore, nicorandil did not increase the incidence of MACE in the nicorandil group compared with the control group (12.16% vs 12.50%).

          Conclusions

          Nicorandil can reduce PMI in patients undergoing ePCI and does not increase the incidence of MACE.

          Clinical Trial Registration

          URL: http://www.chictr.org.cn/. Unique Identifier: ChiCTR-IOR-17012056.

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          Most cited references 27

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          Genetic susceptibility to death from coronary heart disease in a study of twins.

          A family history of premature coronary heart disease has long been thought to be a risk factor for coronary heart disease. Using data from 26 years of follow-up of 21,004 Swedish twins born between 1886 and 1925, we investigated this issue further by assessing the risk of death from coronary heart disease in pairs of monozygotic and dizygotic twins. The study population consisted of 3298 monozygotic and 5964 dizygotic male twins and 4012 monozygotic and 7730 dizygotic female twins. The age at which one twin died of coronary heart disease was used as the primary independent variable to predict the risk of death from coronary heart disease in the other twin. Information about other risk factors was obtained from questionnaires administered in 1961 and 1963. Actuarial life-table analysis was used to estimate the cumulative probability of death from coronary heart disease. Relative-hazard estimates were obtained from a multivariate survival analysis. Among the men, the relative hazard of death from coronary heart disease when one's twin died of coronary heart disease before the age of 55 years, as compared with the hazard when one's twin did not die before 55, was 8.1 (95 percent confidence interval, 2.7 to 24.5) for monozygotic twins and 3.8 (1.4 to 10.5) for dizygotic twins. Among the women, when one's twin died of coronary heart disease before the age of 65 years, the relative hazard was 15.0 (95 percent confidence interval, 7.1 to 31.9) for monozygotic twins and 2.6 (1.0 to 7.1) for dizygotic twins. Among both the men and the women, whether monozygotic or dizygotic twins, the magnitude of the relative hazard decreased as the age at which one's twin died of coronary heart disease increased. The ratio of the relative-hazard estimate for the monozygotic twins to the estimate for the dizygotic twins approached 1 with increasing age. These relative hazards were little influenced by other risk factors for coronary heart disease. Our findings suggest that at younger ages, death from coronary heart disease is influenced by genetic factors in both women and men. The results also imply that the genetic effect decreases at older ages.
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            Fruit, vegetables, and olive oil and risk of coronary heart disease in Italian women: the EPICOR Study.

            Many observational studies support the recommendation to eat sufficient amounts of fruit and vegetables as part of a healthy diet. The present study aimed to investigate the association between consumption of fruit, vegetables, and olive oil and the incidence of coronary heart disease (CHD) in 29,689 women enrolled between 1993 and 1998 in 5 European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohorts in northern (Turin and Varese), central (Florence), and southern (Naples and Ragusa) Italy. Baseline dietary, anthropometric, and lifestyle characteristics were collected. Major events of CHD (fatal and nonfatal myocardial infarction and coronary revascularization) were identified through a review of clinical records. Analyses were stratified by center and adjusted for hypertension, smoking, education, menopause, physical activity, anthropometric measures, nonalcohol energy, alcohol, total meat, vegetables in analyses for fruit, and fruit in analyses for vegetables. During a mean follow-up of 7.85 y, 144 major CHD events were identified. A strong reduction in CHD risk among women in the highest quartile of consumption of leafy vegetables (hazard ratio: 0.54; 95% CI: 0.33, 0.90; P for trend = 0.03) and olive oil (hazard ratio: 0.56; 95% CI: 0.31, 0.99; P for trend = 0.04) was found. In contrast, no association emerged between fruit consumption and CHD risk. An inverse association between increasing consumption of leafy vegetables and olive oil and CHD risk emerged in this large cohort of Italian women.
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              5-year results of a randomized comparison of XIENCE V everolimus-eluting and TAXUS paclitaxel-eluting stents: final results from the SPIRIT III trial (clinical evaluation of the XIENCE V everolimus eluting coronary stent system in the treatment of patients with de novo native coronary artery lesions).

              This study sought to evaluate the long-term safety and efficacy of everolimus-eluting stents (EES) and paclitaxel-eluting stents (PES) in patients with obstructive coronary artery disease.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Drug Des Devel Ther
                Drug Des Devel Ther
                Drug Design, Development and Therapy
                Drug Design, Development and Therapy
                Dove Medical Press
                1177-8881
                2018
                22 August 2018
                : 12
                : 2591-2599
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Department of Cardiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, Guangxi, People’s Republic of China, drrlilang@ 123456126.com ; 3224014648@ 123456.com
                [2 ]Department of Orthodontics, The Affiliated Dental Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, Guangxi, People’s Republic of China
                Author notes
                Correspondence: Lang Li; Qiang Su, Department of Cardiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, 6 Shuangyong Road, Qingxiu District, Nanning, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, 530021, People’s Republic of China, Tel +86 1 527 700 6843, Fax +86 1 370 771 5913, Email drrlilang@ 123456126.com ; 3224014648@ 123456.com
                Article
                dddt-12-2591
                10.2147/DDDT.S173931
                6110631
                © 2018 Ye et al. This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited

                The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution – Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/). By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed.

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                Original Research

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