Objective The objective of this study is to explore the effect of solution focused approach (SFA) on the complications, pain, sleep, and quality of life in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma undergoing transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE). Methods Total of 106 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma who underwent TACE in our hospital from July 2019 to June 2020 were selected. According to the admission time, they were divided into the control group (n = 53) and the observation group (n = 53). The control group implemented routine nursing intervention, and the observation group implemented SFA on the basis of the control group. The clinical data, complications, pain, sleep status, and quality of life scores were compared between the two groups. Results The total incidence of complications in the observation group (16.98%) was lower than that in the control group (33.96%) (P 0.05). The scores of sleep status in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (P < 0.05). The quality of life scores in the observation group was higher than that in the control group (P < 0.05). Conclusion SFA can effectively reduce the complications, relieve pain, improve sleep status, and improve the quality of life in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma undergoing TACE.