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      Development and validation of a high-resolution T2WI-based radiomic signature for the diagnosis of lymph node status within the mesorectum in rectal cancer

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          Abstract

          Purpose

          The aim of this study was to explore the feasibility of a high-resolution T2-weighted imaging (HR-T2WI)-based radiomics prediction model for diagnosing metastatic lymph nodes (LNs) within the mesorectum in rectal cancer.

          Method

          A total of 604 LNs (306 metastatic and 298 non-metastatic) from 166 patients were obtained. All patients underwent HR-T2WI examination and total mesorectal excision (TME) surgery. Four kinds of segmentation methods were used to select region of interest (ROI), including method 1 along the border of LNs; method 2 along the expanded border of LNs with an additional 2–3 mm; method 3 covering the border of LNs only; and method 4, a circle region only within LNs. A total of 1,409 features were extracted for each method. Variance threshold method, Select K Best, and Lasso algorithm were used to reduce the dimension. All LNs were divided into training and test sets. Fivefold cross-validation was used to build the logistic model, which was evaluated by the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) with four indicators, including area under the curve (AUC), accuracy (ACC), sensitivity (SE), and specificity (SP). Three radiologists with different working experience in diagnosing rectal diseases assessed LN metastasis respectively. The diagnostic efficiencies with each of four segmentation methods and three radiologists were compared to each other.

          Results

          For the test set, the AUCs of four segmentation methods were 0.820, 0.799, 0.764, and 0.741; the ACCs were 0.725, 0.704, 0.709, and 0.670; the SEs were 0.756, 0.634, 0.700, and 0.589; and the SPs were 0.696, 0.772, 0.717, and 0.750, respectively. There was no statistically significant difference in AUC between the four methods ( p > 0.05). Method 1 had the highest values of AUC, ACC, and SE. For three radiologists, the overall diagnostic efficiency was moderate. The corresponding AUCs were 0.604, 0.634, and 0.671; the ACCs were 0.601, 0.632, and 0.667; the SEs were 0.366, 0.552, and 0.392; and the SPs were 0.842, 0.715, and 0.950, respectively.

          Conclusions

          The proposed HR-T2WI-based radiomic signature exhibited a robust performance on predicting mesorectal LN status and could potentially be used for clinicians in order to determine the status of metastatic LNs in rectal cancer patients.

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          Most cited references43

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          Global cancer statistics 2020: GLOBOCAN estimates of incidence and mortality worldwide for 36 cancers in 185 countries

          This article provides an update on the global cancer burden using the GLOBOCAN 2020 estimates of cancer incidence and mortality produced by the International Agency for Research on Cancer. Worldwide, an estimated 19.3 million new cancer cases (18.1 million excluding nonmelanoma skin cancer) and almost 10.0 million cancer deaths (9.9 million excluding nonmelanoma skin cancer) occurred in 2020. Female breast cancer has surpassed lung cancer as the most commonly diagnosed cancer, with an estimated 2.3 million new cases (11.7%), followed by lung (11.4%), colorectal (10.0 %), prostate (7.3%), and stomach (5.6%) cancers. Lung cancer remained the leading cause of cancer death, with an estimated 1.8 million deaths (18%), followed by colorectal (9.4%), liver (8.3%), stomach (7.7%), and female breast (6.9%) cancers. Overall incidence was from 2-fold to 3-fold higher in transitioned versus transitioning countries for both sexes, whereas mortality varied <2-fold for men and little for women. Death rates for female breast and cervical cancers, however, were considerably higher in transitioning versus transitioned countries (15.0 vs 12.8 per 100,000 and 12.4 vs 5.2 per 100,000, respectively). The global cancer burden is expected to be 28.4 million cases in 2040, a 47% rise from 2020, with a larger increase in transitioning (64% to 95%) versus transitioned (32% to 56%) countries due to demographic changes, although this may be further exacerbated by increasing risk factors associated with globalization and a growing economy. Efforts to build a sustainable infrastructure for the dissemination of cancer prevention measures and provision of cancer care in transitioning countries is critical for global cancer control.
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            Cancer Statistics, 2021

            Each year, the American Cancer Society estimates the numbers of new cancer cases and deaths in the United States and compiles the most recent data on population-based cancer occurrence. Incidence data (through 2017) were collected by the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program; the National Program of Cancer Registries; and the North American Association of Central Cancer Registries. Mortality data (through 2018) were collected by the National Center for Health Statistics. In 2021, 1,898,160 new cancer cases and 608,570 cancer deaths are projected to occur in the United States. After increasing for most of the 20th century, the cancer death rate has fallen continuously from its peak in 1991 through 2018, for a total decline of 31%, because of reductions in smoking and improvements in early detection and treatment. This translates to 3.2 million fewer cancer deaths than would have occurred if peak rates had persisted. Long-term declines in mortality for the 4 leading cancers have halted for prostate cancer and slowed for breast and colorectal cancers, but accelerated for lung cancer, which accounted for almost one-half of the total mortality decline from 2014 to 2018. The pace of the annual decline in lung cancer mortality doubled from 3.1% during 2009 through 2013 to 5.5% during 2014 through 2018 in men, from 1.8% to 4.4% in women, and from 2.4% to 5% overall. This trend coincides with steady declines in incidence (2.2%-2.3%) but rapid gains in survival specifically for nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC). For example, NSCLC 2-year relative survival increased from 34% for persons diagnosed during 2009 through 2010 to 42% during 2015 through 2016, including absolute increases of 5% to 6% for every stage of diagnosis; survival for small cell lung cancer remained at 14% to 15%. Improved treatment accelerated progress against lung cancer and drove a record drop in overall cancer mortality, despite slowing momentum for other common cancers.
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              Development and Validation of a Radiomics Nomogram for Preoperative Prediction of Lymph Node Metastasis in Colorectal Cancer.

              To develop and validate a radiomics nomogram for preoperative prediction of lymph node (LN) metastasis in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC).
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                Front Oncol
                Front Oncol
                Front. Oncol.
                Frontiers in Oncology
                Frontiers Media S.A.
                2234-943X
                16 September 2022
                2022
                : 12
                : 945559
                Affiliations
                [1] 1 Department of Radiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Shandong First Medical University , Jinan, China
                [2] 2 Department of Radiology, Central Hospital Affiliated to Shandong First Medical University , Jinan, China
                [3] 3 Department of Radiology, Shandong University , Jinan, China
                [4] 4 Department of Radiology, The Shandong First Medical University , Jinan, China
                [5] 5 Department of Radiology, Shandong Provincial ENT Hospital, Cheeloo College of Medicine, Shandong University , Jinan, China
                [6] 6 Marketing, Medical Technology Co., Ltd. , Beijing, China
                Author notes

                Edited by: Lizhi Liu, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center (SYSUCC), China

                Reviewed by: Xiaowei Han, Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, China; Zixu Yuan, The Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, China

                *Correspondence: Aiyin Li, 13953101875@ 123456139.com

                This article was submitted to Cancer Imaging and Image-directed Interventions, a section of the journal Frontiers in Oncology

                Article
                10.3389/fonc.2022.945559
                9523667
                36185279
                1c847b81-d8ae-4852-b049-d0200984ee80
                Copyright © 2022 Song, Li, Wu, Jia, Hong, He, Li, Zhang and Li

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

                History
                : 27 May 2022
                : 23 August 2022
                Page count
                Figures: 8, Tables: 5, Equations: 0, References: 43, Pages: 17, Words: 6746
                Categories
                Oncology
                Original Research

                Oncology & Radiotherapy
                magnetic resonance imaging,lymph node,radiomic signature,diagnostic imaging,rectal cancer

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