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      Suicidal Ideation of Probationers : Gender Differences

      , 1 , 1


      Hogrefe Publishing

      suicidal ideation, probation, gender-specific, the Affordable Care Act

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          Abstract. Background: Gender is often related to different life stressors and mental health disorders, but a limited amount of research examines risks of suicidal ideation of probationers by gender. Aims: The aim of this study was to examine gender differences in suicidal ideation of probationers. Method: Using a national sample of 3,014 male and 1,306 female probationers with data from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (2009–2011), multivariate regression analysis was conducted. Results: Male and female probationers display similar demographic characteristics although their life circumstances and experiences seem different. Female probationers in the study were more likely to experience financial, psychological, and residential stressors than male probationers were. Female probationers were also more likely to have received medical and/or psychiatric treatments. Female probationers were exposed to more suicidal ideation risks than male probationers were. Additionally, no protective factors to suicidal ideation were found for female probationers. Conclusion: The findings suggest that a gender-specific approach to suicidal ideation of probationers may lessen the prevalence of suicidal ideation of this largely neglected population.

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          Most cited references 60

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              The Psychology of Residential Mobility: Implications for the Self, Social Relationships, and Well-Being.

              Residential mobility is an increasingly important personal and societal issue in both the United States and the world in general. However, it has received relatively limited attention in psychological theorizing and research. This article demonstrates the importance of residential mobility in understanding the self, social relationships, and well-being. Recent research has shown that residential mobility (number of moves for an individual or percentage having moved recently for a neighborhood) is associated with the primacy of the personal over the collective self. It is also associated with "duty-free" friendships and group memberships rather than obligatory friendships and group memberships. Overall, residential mobility is associated with lower levels of well-being at the individual level of analysis. Finally, residential mobility is associated with personal forms of subjective well-being (based on self-esteem, the verification of the personal self) as opposed to interpersonal forms of subjective well-being (based on social support, the verification of the collective selves). In short, residential mobility is a powerful, parsimonious explanatory construct in the self, social relationships, and subjective well-being and may be a key to understanding the future of mind and behavior in the increasingly mobile world.

                Author and article information

                Hogrefe Publishing
                December 9, 2015
                : 36
                : 6
                : 424-432
                [ 1 ]Department of Criminal Justice, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, New York, NY, USA
                Author notes
                Sung-Suk Violet Yu, Department of Criminal Justice, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, 524 West 59th Street, North Hall, New York, NY 10019, USA, Tel. +1 212 237-8069, Fax +1 212 237-8940, E-mail syu@ 123456jjay.cuny.edu
                © 2015 Hogrefe Publishing

                Distributed under the Hogrefe OpenMind License (http://dx.doi.org/10.1027/a000001)

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