Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a fatal and incurable chronic interstitial lung disease with an unknown etiology. Recent evidence suggests that epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is one of the possible factors in the pathogenesis of pulmonary fibrosis. Glycyrrhizic acid (GA) is a natural active ingredient extracted from the root of the traditional Chinese herb licorice, which has been shown in previous studies to have the effect of alleviating lung injury. In this study, our objective was to investigate whether GA could ameliorate pulmonary fibrosis by altering EMT, as well as the therapeutic potential of changing core fucosylation (CF) to target EMT-related pathways. First, we verified that GA partially reverses EMT in a rat model of bleomycin-induced lung interstitial fibrosis, alleviating pulmonary fibrosis, and implying that GA has antifibrotic potential. Next, we discovered that GA attenuated lung interstitial fibrosis by reducing CF modifications to some extent. Interestingly, we found that GA therapy reduced the expression of phosphorylated Smad2/3 (p-Smad2/3) and β -catenin in the EMT pathway and that GA inhibited the modification of TGF- β R and WNT receptor proteins by CF, suggesting that GA may interfere with the EMT process by modulating TGF- β R, WNT core fucosylation modifications to attenuate pulmonary fibrosis. In conclusion, these findings indicate that GA could be a potential therapeutic agent for IPF, and further support the idea that targeting CF alterations could be a novel technique for the treatment of diseases involving EMT.