The influence of hemodialysis on plasma fenofibric acid kinetics has been investigated in patients with chronic renal failure given 300 mg of fenofibrate in a single oral dose. A very pronounced lengthening of the fenofibric acid plasma decay was observed in both hemodialyzed (n = 6) and nonhemodialyzed (n = 9) patients. Hemodialysis did not modify the plasma levels and the ultrafiltrates contained very small amounts of fenofibric acid. The repeated daily administration of 100 mg of fenofibrate during 2 weeks in 5 renal patients on regular hemodialysis resulted in increasing plasma levels and led to progressive cumulation of fenofibric acid. Plasma fenofibric acid conjugates could not be detected. No particular clinical side effects or increase of CPK, GOT, GPT were be observed.