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      Green Synthesized Silver Nanoparticles Using Feijoa Sellowiana Leaf Extract, Evaluation of Their Antibacterial, Anticancer and Antioxidant Activities

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          Abstract

          Biogenic synthesis of silver nanoparticles (SNPs) has great attention of scientists, as it provides clean, biocompatible, non-toxic and inexpensive fabrication. In this study, F. sellowiana leaf extract was used for synthesizing SNPs which reduces silver nitrate into silver zero-valent. SNPs were characterized by UV, FTIR, XRD, SEM-EDS, and TEM analysis. They were also examined for their biological activities. The presence of biosynthesized SNPs was characterized by UV–visible spectroscopy and also crystal nature of SNPs was identified with XRD analysis. FT-IR spectrum was used to confirm the presence of different functional groups in the biomolecules which act as a capping agent for the nanoparticles. The morphology of SNPs was explored using SEM and the presence of silver was confirmed by elemental analysis. The size of the nanoparticles was in the range of 20–50 nm determined by TEM. The green synthesized SNPs showed good antibacterial activities against both gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria and also in resistant clinically isolated pathogens. Furthermore, the green synthesized SNPs showed reliable anticancer activity on the gastric adenocarcinoma (AGS) and breast (MCF-7) cancer cell lines with little effect on normal (HFF) cells. The  in-vitro antioxidant activity of SNPs showed a significant effect on the scavenging of free radicals and iron chelating activity.

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          Silver Nanoparticles: Synthesis, Characterization, Properties, Applications, and Therapeutic Approaches

          Recent advances in nanoscience and nanotechnology radically changed the way we diagnose, treat, and prevent various diseases in all aspects of human life. Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are one of the most vital and fascinating nanomaterials among several metallic nanoparticles that are involved in biomedical applications. AgNPs play an important role in nanoscience and nanotechnology, particularly in nanomedicine. Although several noble metals have been used for various purposes, AgNPs have been focused on potential applications in cancer diagnosis and therapy. In this review, we discuss the synthesis of AgNPs using physical, chemical, and biological methods. We also discuss the properties of AgNPs and methods for their characterization. More importantly, we extensively discuss the multifunctional bio-applications of AgNPs; for example, as antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, anti-inflammatory, anti-angiogenic, and anti-cancer agents, and the mechanism of the anti-cancer activity of AgNPs. In addition, we discuss therapeutic approaches and challenges for cancer therapy using AgNPs. Finally, we conclude by discussing the future perspective of AgNPs.
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            The green synthesis, characterization and evaluation of the biological activities of silver nanoparticles synthesized from Iresine herbstii leaf aqueous extracts.

             C Dipankar,  S Murugan (2012)
            Silver has been used since time immemorial in different chemical form to treat burns, wounds and several infections caused by pathogenic bacteria. Advancement of biological process of nanoparticles synthesis is evolving into a key area of nanotechnology. The current study deals with the synthesis, characterization of silver nanoparticles using Iresine herbstii and evaluation of their antibacterial, antioxidant and cytotoxic activity. The reaction mixture turned to brownish gray color after 7 days of incubation and exhibits an absorbance peak around 460 nm characteristic of Ag nanoparticle. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and EDX analysis showed silver nanoparticles were pure and polydispersed and the size were ranging from 44 to 64 nm. X-ray diffraction (XRD) studies revealed that most of the nanoparticles were cubic and face centered cubic in shape. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) showed nanoparticles were capped with plant compounds. Biosynthesized silver nanoparticles showed potent antibacterial activity against human pathogenic bacteria. Phytosynthesized nanoparticles exhibited strong antioxidant activity as well as cytotoxicity against HeLa cervical cell lines. The approach of green synthesis seems to be cost efficient, eco-friendly and easy alternative to conventional methods of silver nanoparticles synthesis. The powerful bioactivity demonstrated by the synthesized silver nanoparticles leads towards the clinical use as antibacterial, antioxidant as well as cytotoxic agent.
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              Green synthesis of gold and silver nanoparticles using Hibiscus rosa sinensis

               Daizy Philip (2010)
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Iran J Pharm Res
                Iran J Pharm Res
                IJPR
                Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research : IJPR
                Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Sciences (Tehran, Iran )
                1735-0328
                1726-6890
                Autumn 2020
                : 19
                : 4
                : 306-320
                Affiliations
                [a ] Pharmaceutical Sciences Research Center, Hemoglobinopathy Institute, School of Pharmacy , Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran .
                [b ] Medical Toxicology and Drug Abuse Research Center (MTDRC), Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran.
                [c ] Department of Basic Sciences, Sari University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Sari, Iran.
                [d ] Molecular and Cell Biology Research Center, Hemoglobinopathy Institute, Faculty of Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.
                Author notes
                [* ]Corresponding author: E-mail: zadeh20@gmail.com
                Article
                10.22037/ijpr.2020.112523.13805
                8019869

                This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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