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      Influence of imaging conditions on the spatial resolution of PET/CT images from different models

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          Abstract

          Objective To investigate the influence of PET/CT imaging conditions (acquisition time, bed overlap, reconstruction matrix, iteration times, filter kernel size, and attenuation correction) on the spatial resolution of images.

          Methods Two PET/CT devices, GE Discovery Elite and GE Discovery ST-16, were used to scan the elliptical column resolution model in one and two beds (list mode, acquisition time of 6 min). Images were reconstructed under the commonly used clinical reconstruction conditions (Elite: VPFX-S algorithm, ST-16: VUE Point HD algorithm) at 1-6 min/bed, different iteration times of 2-10 times, different filter kernel sizes of 2.0-10.0 mm (Elite), and different reconstruction matrices, with attenuation correction or not. The spatial resolution of reconstructed PET images was represented by the full width at half maximum (FWHM) of the line spread function.

          Results Under the clinical acquisition conditions, when the acquisition time was 1 min, 2 min, 3 min, 4 min, 5 min, and 6 min, the FWHM Elite of spatial resolution at the center of field of view was (4.06 ± 0.08) mm, (4.05 ± 0.20) mm, (4.01 ± 0.01) mm, (4.05 ± 0.07) mm, (4.05 ± 0.03) mm, and (4.08 ± 0.06) mm, and the FWHM ST-16 was (5.76 ± 0.12) mm, (5.72 ± 0.11) mm, (5.74 ± 0.09) mm, (5.78 ± 0.05) mm, (5.75 ± 0.09) mm, and (5.77 ± 0.07) mm. When the phantom was located in the center of one bed and the overlap of two beds, the line FWHM Elite at the center was (4.04 ± 0.01) mm and (4.04 ± 0.01) mm, and the FWHM ST-16 was (5.39 ± 0.19) mm and (5.38 ± 0.07) mm, respectively. The FWHM Elite at the center was (4.07 ± 0.18) mm, (4.25 ± 0.10) mm, and (4.73 ± 0.08) mm at the matrices of 256 × 256, 192 × 192, and 128 × 128, respectively. The FWHM Elite at the center was (4.65 ± 0.43) mm, (4.77 ± 0.27) mm, (4.02 ± 0.01) mm, (4.11 ± 0.04) mm, and (9.94 ± 0.01) mm at the filter kernel sizes of 2.0 mm-10.0 mm (interval of 2.0 mm), respectively. The FWHM Elite at the center was (4.17 ± 0.27) mm, (4.27 ± 0.21) mm, (4.11 ± 0.05) mm, (4.18 ± 0.04) mm, and (4.12 ± 0.06) mm at 2-10 iterations (interval of 2 times), respectively. The FWHM Elite at the center was (4.14 ± 0.01) mm and (4.18 ± 0.08) mm with and without attenuation correction, respectively. At the same acquisition time and bed, the spatial resolution of Elite images was improved by about 40.57% compared with that of ST-16 images.

          Conclusion The spatial resolution of images obtained at the matrix of 256 × 256 is higher than that of images obtained at the matrices of 192 × 192 and 128 × 128 in the same model. Elite images have the best spatial resolution at the reconstruction filter kernel size of 6.0 mm. Under the same imaging conditions, Elite images show significantly better spatial resolution compared with ST-16 images. Acquisition time, overlap of beds, iteration times, and attenuation correction have no significant effect on the spatial resolution of PET images.

          Abstract

          摘要:目的探讨PET/CT成像条件(采集时间、床位重叠、重建矩阵、迭代次数、滤波核、衰减校正)对图像空间分辨 率的影响。 方法使用GE Discovery Elite型和GE Discovery ST-16型2种PET/CT设备分别对楠圆柱分辨率模型进 行1个和2个床位扫描(List mode模式, 采集时间为6 min);使用临床常用重建条件(Elite型:VPFX-S算法;ST-16型:VUE Point HD算法)分别按1〜6 min/床、不同迭代次数2〜10次、滤波核2.0〜10.0 mm(Elite型)、不同的重建 矩阵以及是否进行衰减校正对图像进行重建;用线源扩展函数的半高宽(FWHM)表示PET重建图像的空间分辨率。 结果在临床采集条件下, 当采集时间为1 min、2 min、3 min、4 min、5 min、6 min时, 中心位置图像空间分辨率 FWHM Elite 分别为(4.06 ± 0.08)mm、(4.05 ± 0.20)mm、(4.01 ± 0.01)mm、(4.05 ± 0.07)mm、(4.05 ± 0.03)mm、(4.08 ± 0.06)mm; FWHM ST-16 分别为(5.76 ± 0.12)mm、(5.72 ± 0.11)mm、(5.74 ± 0.09)mm、(5.78 ± 0.05)mm、(5.75 ±0.09)mm、(5.77 ± 0.07)mm。模体位于1个床位的中心及2个床位重叠处时, 中心位置线源FWHM Elite分别为(4.04 ±0.01)mm、(4.04 ± 0.01)mm; FWHM ST-16 分别为(5.39 ± 0.19)mm、(5.38 ± 0.07)mm。矩阵为 256 × 256、192 × 192、128 × 128 时, 中心位置 FWHM Elite 分别为(4.07 ± 0.18)mm、(4.25 ± 0.10)mm、(4.73 ± 0.08)mm。滤波核 2.0 mm、4.0 mm、6.0 mm、8.0 mm、10.0 mm 时, 中心位置的 FWHM Elite 分别为(4.65 ± 0.43)mm、(4.77 ± 0.27)mm、(4.02 ± 0.01)mm、 (4.11 ± 0.04)mm、(9.94 ± 0.01)mm。2、4、6、8、10 次迭代时, 中心位置的 FWHM Elite 分别为(4.17 ± 0.27)mm、(4.27 ±0.21)mm、(4.11 ± 0.05)mm、(4.18 ± 0.04)mm、(4.12 ± 0.06)mm。是否使用衰减校正, 中心位置的 FWHM Elite 分别为: (4.14 ± 0.01)mm、(4.18 ± 0.08)mm。相同采集时间及床位下, Elite型较ST-16型图像空间分辨率改善约40.57%。 结论同一机型矩阵为256 × 256所得到的图像, 空间分辨率较另两者高;重建滤波核为6.0 mm时, Elite型图像空间 分辨率最好;同一成像条件下, Elite型图像空间分辨率明显好于ST-16型;不同采集时间、床位是否存在重叠, 迭代次 数以及衰减校正对PET空间分辨率影响不明显。

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CJRH
          Chinese Journal of Radiological Health
          Chinese Preventive Medical Association (Ji’an, China )
          1004-714X
          01 June 2022
          01 December 2022
          : 31
          : 3
          : 350-357
          Affiliations
          [1] 1Department of Nuclear Medicine (PET/CT Center), National Cancer Center/National Clinical Research Center for Cancer/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100021 China
          Author notes
          Corresponding author: GENG Jianhua, E-mail: gengjean@ 123456163.com
          Article
          j.issn.1004-714X.2022.03.018
          10.13491/j.issn.1004-714X.2022.03.018
          1d6db56e-cf5d-433b-86c8-17813e4ddaa9
          © 2022 Chinese Journal of Radiological Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

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          Categories
          Journal Article

          Medicine,Image processing,Radiology & Imaging,Bioinformatics & Computational biology,Health & Social care,Public health
          Imaging conditions,Positron emission tomography,Spatial resolution,Phantom study

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