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      Anti-Idiotype Antibody Directly Interferes with Glomerular IgA Immune Complex Deposition

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          Abstract

          Data from both animal and clinical studies suggest that anti-idiotype antibodies deposited in glomeruli may be involved in the pathogenesis of glomerulonephritis. This study was conducted to examine the role of a hybridoma-AB1-2-derived IgG anti-T15 idiotype (IgG anti-T15) in the immunopathogenesis of a short-term experimental IgA nephropathy. BALB/c mice (12/group) were administered intravenously with: (1) an equal mass (1 mg) of T15-hybridoma-derived IgA antiphosphorylcholine (PC) and PC-conjugated bovine serum albumin (BSA-PC) antigen; (2) 1 mg of IgA anti-PC, 1 mg of BSA-PC antigen, and 3 mg of IgG anti-T15, or (3) 1 mg of BSA-PC antigen alone. The mice were sacrificed 6 h after the injection. A 6-hour clearance study was performed. The initial phase of elimination of BSA-PC antigen in mice receiving IgA anti-PC/BSA-PC/IgG anti-T15 or those receiving the antigen alone was significantly faster than that in those receiving IgA anti-PC/BSA-PC (p < 0.001). There was no significant difference in the elimination rate of BSA-PC antigen between mice receiving IgA anti-PC/BSA-PC/IgG anti-T15 and those receiving BSA-PC antigen alone. The late phases of elimination of the BSA-PC antigen in mice receiving IgA anti-PC/BSA-PC/IgG anti-T15 showed somewhat similar to those of BSA-PC antigen in mice receiving IgA anti-PC/BSA-PC. Moreover, mice injected with IgA anti-PC/BSA-PC/IgG anti-T15 showed a significantly less glomerular BSA-PC antigen deposition than those injected with IgA anti-PC/BSA-PC (positive control), as demonstrated by light microscopy, autoradiography, and immunohistochemistry (each p < 0.001). It is inferred that the injected IgG anti-T15 could react with the IgA anti-PC in vivo, directly interfering with immune complex formation by the IgA anti-PC and BSA-PC antigen, thereby resulting in diminished glomerular deposition of the BSA-PC antigen. These findings suggest that an anti-idiotype antibody may be protective in the immunopathogenesis of IgA nephropathy, because of its inhibitory effect on glomerular trapping of an antigen.

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          Most cited references 4

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          Preparation of phosphorylcholine-conjugated antigens

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            Chicken anti-protein A prevents Staphylococcus aureus protein A from binding to human and rabbit IgG in immunoassays and eliminates most false positive results

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              Serologic and molecular characterization of the T15 idiotype—I. Topologic mapping of idiotopes on tepc15

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                NEF
                Nephron
                10.1159/issn.1660-8151
                Nephron
                S. Karger AG
                1660-8151
                2235-3186
                1998
                April 1998
                26 March 1998
                : 78
                : 4
                : 464-473
                Affiliations
                a Division of Experimental Pathology, Department of Pathology, Tri-Service General Hospital, b Department of Parasitology and Tropical Medicine, c Department of Medical Research, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan/ROC
                Article
                44976 Nephron 1998;78:464–473
                10.1159/000044976
                9578073
                © 1998 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 6, Tables: 1, References: 50, Pages: 10
                Product
                Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/44976
                Categories
                Original Paper

                Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology

                IgA nephropathy, Anti-idiotype antibodies, Idiotype

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