Indoor smoking in public places and workplaces is forbidden in Italy since 2003, but some health concerns are arising from outdoor secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure for non-smokers. One of the biggest Italian Steel Manufacturer, with several factories in Italy and abroad, the Marcegaglia Group, recently introduced the outdoor smoking ban within the perimeter of all their factories. In order to encourage their smoker employees to quit, the Marcegaglia management decided to set up an educational framework by measuring the PM 1, PM 2.5 and PM 10 emissions from heavy duty trucks and to compare them with the emissions of cigarettes in an indoor controlled environment under the same conditions.
The exhaust pipe of two trucks powered by a diesel engine of about 13.000/14.000 cc 3 were connected with a flexible hose to a hole in the window of a container of 36 m 3 volume used as field office. The trucks operated idling for 8 min and then, after adequate office ventilation, a smoker smoked a cigarette. Particulate matter emission was thereafter analyzed.
Cigarette pollution was much higher than the heavy duty truck one. Mean of the two tests was: PM 1 truck 125.0(47.0), cigarettes 231.7(90.9) p = 0.002; PM 2.5 truck 250.8(98.7), cigarettes 591.8(306.1) p = 0.006; PM 10 truck 255.8(52.4), cigarettes 624.0(321.6) p = 0.002.