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      Effect of L-Asparaginase on Insulin Secretion from Isolated Rat Islets of Langerhans

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          Abstract

          The effects of L-asparaginase were evaluated on glucose-induced insulin release from isolated rat islets of Langerhans. Islets were obtained by enzymatic digestion of pancreas from Sprague-Dawley rats. The study of L-asparaginase effects on insulin secretion was performed in a static incubation of islets. Insulin secretion was measured at 60 min of incubation with different secretagogues with and without L-asparaginase. L-Asparaginase at concentrations from 310 to 5,000 U/ml could inhibit the glucose-induced insulin secretion in a dose-dependent manner. This effect was not recovered after incubation in the absence of the drug for another 2 h. The half-maximal inhibitory effect of the enzyme on insulin secretion was observed at L-asparaginase concentrations of 1,000 U/ml. Tolbutamide (200 µM) and ketoisocaproic acid (20 µM) did not induce insulin secretion in the presence of moderately high L-asparaginase concentrations. L-Asparaginase did not inhibit glucose-induced insulin secretion in the presence of isobutyl-methyl-xanthine (IBMX) (20 µM) or forskolin (20 µM). L-Asparaginase promoted a decrease in total c-AMP in isolated rat islets at concentrations from 500 to 1,500 U/ml when they were stimulated by glucose. If islets were treated with IBMX or forskolin, L-asparaginase did not inhibit the glucose-induced total c-AMP levels in islets.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          HRE
          Horm Res Paediatr
          10.1159/issn.1663-2818
          Hormone Research in Paediatrics
          S. Karger AG
          1663-2818
          1663-2826
          1991
          1991
          02 December 2008
          : 35
          : 3-4
          : 155-160
          Affiliations
          Department of Endocrinology and Nutrition, Hospital de la Santa Cruz y de San Pablo, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Spain
          Article
          181893 Horm Res 1991;35:155–160
          10.1159/000181893
          1725285
          © 1991 S. Karger AG, Basel

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          Page count
          Pages: 6
          Categories
          Original Paper

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