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      Generative Live Music-making Using Autoregressive Time Series Models: Melodies and Beats

      Journal of Creative Music Systems

      University of Huddersfield Press

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          Abstract

          Autoregressive Time Series Analysis (TSA) of music can model aspects of its acoustic features, structural sequencing and of consequent listeners' perceptions. This article concerns generation of keyboard music by repeatedly simulating from both uni- and multi-variate TSA models of live-performed event pitch, key velocity (which influences loudness), duration and inter-onset interval (specifying rhythmic structure). The MAX coding platform receives performed, random or preformed note sequences, and transfers them via a computer socket to the statistical platform R, in which time series models of long segments of the data streams are obtained. Unlike many predecessors, the system exploits both univariate (e.g., pitch alone) and multivariate (pitch, velocity, note duration, and inter-onset intervals taken jointly) modelling. Simulations from the models are played by MAX on a MIDI-instrument. Data retention (memory) allows delayed or immediate sounding of newly generated melodic material, amplifying surprise. The resultant “Beat and Note Generator” (BANG), can function in collaboration with a MIDI-instrument performer who can also use the BANG interface, or autonomously. It can generate relatively large-scale structures (commonly chunks of 200 events) or shorter structures such as beats and glitches like those of electronic dance music.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Journal of Creative Music Systems
          University of Huddersfield Press
          2399-7656
          March 1 2017
          March 1 2017
          : 1
          : 2
          Article
          10.5920/JCMS.2017.05
          © 2017

          JCMS provides free online access to its content. The work is published under a Creative Commons license, which provides unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. To view the licenses, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/

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          Self URI (journal page): https://www.jcms.org.uk/
          Self URI (article page): https://www.jcms.org.uk/article/id/512/

          Software engineering, Music, Computer science

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