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      Rapidly Progressive Glomerulonephritis due to Rifampicin Therapy

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          Abstract

          A 60-year-old man was treated with rifampicin, isoniazid, ethambutol and pyrazinamide for pulmonary tuberculosis. Acute renal failure developed 1 month after re-administration of rifampicin following 1 month’s interruption of treatment. A renal biopsy showed crescentic lesions characteristic of rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis. This is, to our knowledge, the fourth case of rapidly progressive crescentic glomerulonephritis associated with rifampicin treatment, which responded to methylprednisolone pulse therapy followed by oral steroid therapy.

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          Crescentic Glomerulonephritis due to Rifampin Treatment in a Patient with Pulmonary Atypical Mycobacteriosis

          A 64-year-old male was treated continuously with rifampin, isoniazid and streptomycin for pulmonary atypical mycobacteriosis, Mycobacterium kansasii. Five weeks after beginning the treatment, the patient suddenly developed acute renal failure. A renal biopsy showed crescentic lesions characteristic of rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis with moderate interstitial changes. Serum antirifampin antibody was detected, and the cessation of rifampin treatment was followed by a rapid spontaneous recovery of the patient’s renal function. This is, to our knowledge, the first case of rapidly progressive crescentic glomerulonephritis associated with rifampin treatment where circulating antirifampin antibody is demonstrated and the renal function spontaneously improved after discontinuing rifampin treatment.
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            Author and article information

            Journal
            NEF
            Nephron
            10.1159/issn.1660-8151
            Nephron
            S. Karger AG
            1660-8151
            2235-3186
            2002
            2002
            13 December 2001
            : 90
            : 1
            : 116-118
            Affiliations
            aFirst Department of Internal Medicine, bDepartment of Artificial Kidney and cDepartment of Pathology, Matsushita Memorial Hospital, Moriguchi, Osaka, Japan
            Article
            46326 Nephron 2002;90:116–118
            10.1159/000046326
            11744817
            © 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel

            Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

            Page count
            Figures: 1, References: 6, Pages: 3
            Product
            Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/46326
            Categories
            Short Communication

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