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      The Impact of Ciclosporin in Patients with Adult Polycystic Kidney Disease Following Transplantation

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          Abstract

          In order to evaluate the impact of ciclosporin in patients with adult onset polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) following renal transplantation, we performed a single-center study of all (n = 65) patients with this disorder since 1978,43 of whom received CSA (PC-CSA) with the remaining 22 treated with azathioprine (PC-AZA). An additional group of 45 age- and time-matched group of non-polycystic CSA-treated patients (nonPC-CSA) were used as a separate control group. Patient and graft survivals at 1 and 5 years were similar in PC-CSA when compared to nonPC-CSA. The commonest causes of death in both groups were cardiovascular related. The incidence of posttransplant hypertension and acute rejection were also similar. Urinary tract infections (UTIs) were, however, more frequent among PC-CSA (11 and 33% pre- and posttransplant respectively) when compared to the nonPC-CSA (2 and 17% pre- and posttransplant respectively). The PC-CSA cohort showed improved 1-year patient and graft survivals when compared to PC-AZA (94 and 70% vs. 72 and 34%) with less rejection episodes (42 vs. 88%) during the first year posttransplant but a higher mean serum creatinine at the end of the first year (2.0 vs. 1.6 mg/dl, 176.6 vs. 141.3 μmol/l). Posttransplant hypertension (67 vs. 70%) and UTIs (33 vs. 33%) were, however, similar in both groups. In summary, renal transplantation in ADPKD in the CSA era is associated with equal patient and graft survivals when compared with nonpolycystic patients of comparable age, but superior results when compared with the earlier azathioprine era.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1991
          1991
          11 December 2008
          : 59
          : 4
          : 537-542
          Affiliations
          Departments of Medicine and Surgery, Division of Transplantation, State University of New York Health Science Center at Brooklyn, Brooklyn, N.Y., USA
          Article
          186640 Nephron 1991;59:537–542
          10.1159/000186640
          1766492
          © 1991 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 6
          Categories
          Original Paper

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