Twenty-four children (14 boys and 10 girls) with neurosecretory dysfunction, defined by a response > 10 ng/ml to two pharmacological tests, and 24-hour GH secretion < 3 ng/ml/min, were treated with biosynthetic hGH. Mean age was 10 years 8 months ± 3 years 6 months. Growth retardation was -2.8 ± 0.8 SD. Eighteen children were prepubertal and six pubertal (P2). Mean peaks in two pharmacological stimulation tests were 25.8 ± 14.8 and 20.8 ± 11.5 ng/ml. Somatomedin C/insulin-like growth factor I level was 0.8 ± 0.6 IU/ml in the prepubertal children. Twenty-four-hour integrated concentration of GH was low, at 2.2 ± 0.5 ng/ml/min. Analysis of secretory profiles showed 3 types: (1) hyperpulsatile profile with numerous peaks of low amplitude, (2) flat profile, (3) profile with an isolated peak > 10 ng/ml. Treatment with hGH (0.42 IU/kg/week) resulted in an increase in growth velocity from 4.9 ± 1.2 to 6.8 ± 2.2 cm/year. These results are comparable to those of a group with total GH deficiency receiving the same dose. Analysis of the results showed a group of good responders (n = 14, growth velocity: 8.1 cm/year) and a group of poor responders (n = 10, growth velocity: 4.9 cm/year). Thus, treatment of neurosecretory dysfunction with hGH gives results comparable to those obtained in classic GH secretory dysfunction.