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      Anthropometry in Adolescence -Secular Trends, Adoption, Ethnic and Environmental Differences

      Hormone Research in Paediatrics

      S. Karger AG

      Puberty, Secular trends, Adolescence, Adoption, Growth, Menarche

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          Abstract

          A secular trend towards higher final height and earlier pubertal maturation is seen in countries with favourable socio-economic development and higher social classes in countries are also associated with taller height and earlier maturation. Environmental factors, such as nutrition and infections, appear to be the main causes for differences in growth and maturation between ethnic and social groups. Differences in final height are mainly due to prepubertal growth. Studies on immigrant children and children adopted into privileged conditions from developing countries confirm the influence of early growth on subsequent growth. Catch-up growth in adopted children could only partially compensate for early stunting, and in several cases was cut short by early pubertal development. A minority developed very early puberty and eventually very short final height. The optimal rate of catch-up growth, the trigger mechanism for early puberty, and the effect of various types of nutritional intervention need to be studied. The studies reported here indicate the critical importance of optimal intra-uterine, infant and childhood growth as a basis for satisfactory growth during adolescence.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          HRE
          Horm Res Paediatr
          10.1159/issn.1663-2818
          Hormone Research in Paediatrics
          S. Karger AG
          978-3-8055-5884-6
          978-3-318-01950-6
          1663-2818
          1663-2826
          1993
          1993
          03 December 2008
          : 39
          : Suppl 3
          : 18-24
          Affiliations
          International Child Health Unit, Department of Pediatrics, Uppsala University Children’s Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden
          Article
          182781 Horm Res 1993;39:18–24
          10.1159/000182781
          8262488
          © 1993 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 7
          Categories
          Workshop I The Physical Status: The Use and Interpretation of Anthropometry in Adolescence

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