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      An update to the taxonomy and distribution of the Arabian Tapinoma Foerster, 1850 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) with an illustrated key and remarks on habitats

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          Abstract

          Background

          Tapinoma Foerster belongs to the ant subfamily Dolichoderinae and the vast majority of its species are arboreal or generalised foragers. The genus is composed of 70 described species, 22 known subspecies and six valid fossil species worldwide, while from the Arabian Peninsula, three species have been recorded so far.

          New information

          Ants of the genus Tapinoma of the Arabian Peninsula are reviewed, keyed and illustrated, based on the worker caste. Three species are diagnosed, T. melanocephalum (Fabricius, 1793), T. simrothi Krausse, 1911 and T. wilsoni Sharaf & Aldawood, 2012. We present the first illustrated key to the Arabian Tapinoma , enhanced by automontage images to facilitate species recognition. New distributional data for species are presented, based on recently-collected material from the region and literature records. Information on habitats' preference and biology of species are given.

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          Most cited references 49

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          The Ants

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            Competition for mutualists: aphids and ants

             John Addicott (1978)
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              Hymenoptera: Fam. Formicidae of Saudi Arabia

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                Biodivers Data J
                Biodivers Data J
                1
                urn:lsid:arphahub.com:pub:F9B2E808-C883-5F47-B276-6D62129E4FF4
                urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:245B00E9-BFE5-4B4F-B76E-15C30BA74C02
                Biodiversity Data Journal
                Pensoft Publishers
                1314-2836
                1314-2828
                2021
                27 May 2021
                : 9
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Plant Protection Department, College of Food and Agricultural Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia Plant Protection Department, College of Food and Agricultural Sciences, King Saud University Riyadh Saudi Arabia
                [2 ] Entomology Department, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt Entomology Department, Faculty of Science, Cairo University Giza Egypt
                [3 ] King Saud University, College of Food and Agriculture Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia King Saud University, College of Food and Agriculture Sciences Riyadh Saudi Arabia
                Author notes
                Corresponding author: Mahmoud M Abdel-Dayem ( mseleem@ 123456ksu.edu.sa ).

                Academic editor: Francisco Hita Garcia

                Article
                66058 16547
                10.3897/BDJ.9.e66058
                8175323
                Mahmoud M Abdel-Dayem, Hathal Mohammed Al Dhafer, Abdulrahman S Aldawood, Mostafa R Sharaf

                This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

                Page count
                Figures: 8, Tables: 0, References: 45
                Funding
                This study was supported by NSTIP strategic technologies programs (project number 12-ENV2825-02) in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia?
                Categories
                Taxonomic Paper
                Insecta
                Formicidae
                Hymenoptera
                Taxonomy
                Identification Key
                Arabian Peninsula
                Asia
                Middle East

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