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      Integrative analysis of transcriptomic and metabolomic data via sparse canonical correlation analysis with incorporation of biological information

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          Abstract

          Integrative analyses of different high dimensional data types are becoming increasingly popular. Similarly, incorporating prior functional relationships among variables in data analysis has been a topic of increasing interest as it helps elucidate underlying mechanisms among complex diseases. In this paper, the goal is to assess association between transcriptomic and metabolomic data from a Predictive Health Institute (PHI) study including healthy adults at high risk of developing cardiovascular diseases. To this end, we develop statistical methods for identifying sparse structure in canonical correlation analysis (CCA) with incorporation of biological/structural information. Our proposed methods use prior network structural information among genes and among metabolites to guide selection of relevant genes and metabolites in sparse CCA, providing insight on the molecular underpinning of cardiovascular disease. Our simulations demonstrate that the structured sparse CCA methods outperform several existing sparse CCA methods in selecting relevant genes and metabolites when structural information is informative and are robust to mis-specified structural information. Our analysis of the PHI study reveals that a number of genes and metabolic pathways including some known to be associated with cardiovascular diseases are enriched in the subset of genes and metabolites selected by our proposed approach.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          2016-06-08
          Article
          1606.02690

          http://arxiv.org/licenses/nonexclusive-distrib/1.0/

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          stat.ME stat.AP

          Applications, Methodology

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