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      Motives to use Facebook and problematic Facebook use in adolescents

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          Abstract

          Background and aims

          There is a growing body of evidence suggesting that problematic Facebook use (PFU) is an emerging problem, particularly among adolescents. Although a number of motivations explaining why people engage in frequent Facebook use have been identified, less is known about the specific psychological needs underlying PFU. The aim of this study is to test a model designed to assess the unique contribution of psychological motives for using Facebook to the different PFU dimensions in a sample of adolescents.

          Methods

          A total of 864 Italian adolescents participated in the study. Multivariate multiple regression was run to test whether the four motives were differently associated with problematic dimensions.

          Results

          The results showed that the two motives with negative valence (coping and conformity) were significantly linked to the five dimensions of PFU, whereas the two motives with positive valence (enhancement and social) appeared to be weaker predictors for three out of these five dimensions.

          Discussion and conclusion

          In conclusion, psychological motives for using Facebook appeared to significantly contribute to explaining PFU among adolescents, and should be considered by researchers and educational practitioners.

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          Most cited references 50

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          A cognitive-behavioral model of pathological Internet use

           R.A. Davis (2001)
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            The Motivational Pull of Video Games: A Self-Determination Theory Approach

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              A motivational model of alcohol use.

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                jba
                JBA
                Journal of Behavioral Addictions
                J Behav Addict
                Akadémiai Kiadó (Budapest )
                2062-5871
                2063-5303
                30 May 2018
                June 2018
                : 7
                : 2
                : 276-283
                Affiliations
                [ 1 ]Dipartimento di Psicologia dello Sviluppo e della Socializzazione, Università degli Studi di Padova , Padova, Italy
                [ 2 ]Division of Psychology, School of Applied Sciences, London South Bank University , London, UK
                [ 3 ] Studi Cognitivi , San Benedetto del Tronto, Italy
                [ 4 ] Studi Cognitivi , Milano, Italy
                [ 5 ]Department of Psychology, Sigmund Freud University , Milano, Italy
                Author notes
                [* ]Corresponding author: Claudia Marino; Dipartimento di Psicologia dello Sviluppo e della Socializzazione, Università degli Studi di Padova, via Venezia 8, Padova 35121, Italy; Phone: +39 049 827 6402; Fax: +39 049 827 6547; E-mail: claudia.marino@ 123456phd.unipd.it
                Article
                10.1556/2006.7.2018.32
                6174593
                29846087
                © 2018 The Author(s)

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium for non-commercial purposes, provided the original author and source are credited, a link to the CC License is provided, and changes – if any – are indicated.

                Page count
                Figures: 2, Tables: 1, Equations: 0, References: 52, Pages: 8
                Funding
                Funding sources: No financial support was received for this study.
                Categories
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