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      Experiencia en Nefrectomía Parcial y Enucleación de Tumor Renal Laparoscópico “Zero Isquemia”, en Cochabamba, Bolivia Translated title: Experience in Partial Nephrectomy and Enucleation of Laparoscopic Renal Tumor "Zero ischemia", in Cochabamba, Bolivia


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          Resumen El manejo quirúrgico de los tumores renales pequeños es la cirugía conservadora de nefronas, este tipo de manejo se reservaba para pacientes seleccionados, con riñón solitario, enfermedad renal crónica o tumores bilaterales. La evidencia sugiere que la nefrectomía parcial laparoscópica es equivalente en términos de resultados oncológicos y superior en las mediciones de calidad de vida comparada al abordaje abierto. Objetivos: determinar los resultados oncológicos en cuanto a bordes libres del tumor y complicaciones quirúrgicas en pacientes sometidos a nefrectomía parcial y enucleación de tumor renal laparoscópico “Zero isquemia”. Metodología: estudio retrospectivo, observacional, y comparativo, universo pacientes de la Clínica privada Los Ángeles y de la Caja Nacional de Salud, Hospital Obrero Nº2, Cochabamba, Bolivia, que fueron sometidos a nefrectomía parcial laparoscópica, se agruparon en dos grupos: Grupo I: nefrectomía parcial y Grupo II: enucleación, se analizaron: tamaño y localización del tumor, RENAL score, tiempo quirúrgico, sangrado, días de estancia, complicaciones y reporte histopatológico. Se utilizó el SPSS versión 20 (IBM, Chicago, IL). Resultados: se evaluaron 17 pacientes, 3 fueron excluidos por terminar en cirugía radical, 6 parciales (Grupo I) y 8 enucleaciones (Grupo II). Edad promedio de 45,7 (± 8,6) vs 51,2 (± 6,3) años. Tamaño del tumor 7,8 (2,5-10) vs 3,2 (1-5,7) cm, El RENAL score en global de todos los pacientes fue de baja a moderada, se realizó un análisis por separado, en el grupo I, la distribución fue complejidad baja n=2 (33,3%), moderada n= 1 (16,7%) y alta n= 3 (50%), en el grupo II, baja complejidad n=5 (62,5%), moderada n=2 (25%), alta complejidad n= 1 (12,5%). Hubo diferencias a favor del grupo II (enucleación) en cuanto a tiempo quirúrgico y sangrado transoperatorio, presentando solo 1 caso con fuga urinaria, resuelta con colocación de catéter JJ, se evidencia iguales tiempos de estancia intrahospitalaria, en cuanto a los bordes quirúrgicos, se tuvo 2 (14,2%) casos con bordes positivos 1 para cada abordaje, los cuales se mantienen en vigilancia estrecha. Conclusiones: el abordaje laparoscópico es una opción equiparable al abierto, se obtuvieron iguales resultados en cuanto a control oncológico en relación a bordes libres y con menos complicaciones, aunque se requiere experiencia en cirugía laparoscópica y aumentar el seguimiento en tiempo y mayor número de casos.

          Translated abstract

          Abstract Surgical management of small renal tumors involves nephron-sparing surgery, which used to be reserved for selected patients with a solitary kidney, chronic kidney disease or bilateral tumors. Evidence suggests that laparoscopic partial nephrectomy is equivalent to the open approach in terms of oncologic outcomes and superior in quality of life measures. Objectives: to determine oncologic outcomes regarding tumor free edges and surgical complications in patients undergoing laparoscopic "Zero ischemia" partial nephrectomy and enucleation of renal tumor. Methodology: retrospective, observational, and comparative study, with a universe of patients from Los Angeles private clinic and Caja Nacional de Salud, Hospital Obrero Nº2, Cochabamba, Bolivia, who underwent laparoscopic partial nephrectomy, were grouped in two groups: Group I: partial nephrectomy and Group II: enucleation. The following were analyzed: tumor size and location, RENAL score, surgical time, bleeding, days of stay, complications and histopathological report. SPSS version 20 (IBM, Chicago, IL) was used for statistical analysis. Results: seventeen patients were evaluated, 3 were excluded due to completion of radical surgery, 6 partial nephrectomies (Group I) and 8 enucleations (Group II). Mean age 45.7 (± 8.6) vs 51.2 (± 6.3) years. Tumor size 7.8 (2.5-10) vs 3.2 (1-5.7) cm, The overall RENAL score of all patients was low to moderate, a separate analysis was performed, in group I, the distribution was low complexity 2 (33.3%), moderate n=1 (16.7%) and high n=3 (50%), in group II, low complexity n=5 (62.5%), moderate n=2 (25%), high complexity n=1 (12.5%). There were differences in favor of group II (enucleation) in terms of surgical time and transoperative bleeding, presenting only 1 case with urinary leakage, resolved with placement of a JJ catheter. In terms of surgical edges, there were 2 (14.2%) cases with positive edges, 1 for each approach, which are kept under close surveillance. Conclusions: laparoscopic approach is an option comparable to the open one, equal results were obtained with respect to oncologic control in relation to free edges and with fewer complications, although experience in laparoscopic surgery is required, as well as an increase in follow-up time and a greater number of cases.

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                Author and article information

                Gaceta Médica Boliviana
                Gac Med Bol
                Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad Mayor de San Simón (Cochabamba, , Bolivia )
                : 45
                : 1
                : 23-28
                [1] Cochabamba orgnameCaja Nacional de Salud orgdiv1Hospital Obrero N°2 Bolivia
                [2] Quito orgnameHospital Metropolitano Ecuador
                [3] orgnameInstituto Gastroenterológico Boliviano-Japonés
                S1012-29662022000100023 S1012-2966(22)04500100023

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

                : 04 February 2022
                : 22 April 2022
                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 46, Pages: 6

                SciELO Bolivia

                Artículo Original

                cáncer renal,laparoscopia,nefrectomía,técnica de enucleación,renal cancer,laparoscopy,heminephrectomy,enucleation technique


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