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      Long-Term Cardiac Mortality in Patients Admitted with Noncoronary Chest Pain under Suspicion of Acute Myocardial Infarction

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          Abstract

          The long-term prognosis for cardiac death was prospectively evaluated in three subpopulations admitted to a coronary care unit with chest pain under suspicion of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with (1) confirmed AMI (n = 275), (2) AMI ruled out, but suspicion of coronary artery disease (n = 257) and (3) AMI ruled out and an obvious noncoronary reason for chest pain (n = 63). The latter subgroup included patients with pericarditis, valvular disease, arrhythmia, pneumonia, pulmonary embolism, gastric ulcer and musculoskeletal disorders. The 7-year cardiac mortality rates of the three subpopulations were 34, 17 and 32%, respectively (p < 0.0001). Despite the ‘benign’ nature of the chest pain, the cardiac mortality was high in all diagnostic categories of noncoronary chest pain. In conclusion, patients admitted with chest pain of apparently noncoronary origin are at high risk for later cardiac death. This indicates the presence of severe coronary artery disease in some of the patients. Consequently, all patients with chest pain and AMI ruled out should be evaluated carefully regarding coronary artery disease at the time of discharge.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1993
          1993
          14 November 2008
          : 82
          : 1
          : 36-41
          Affiliations
          aMedical Department B, Frederiksborg County Central Hospital, Hillerød, Denmark; bStatistical Research Unit, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
          Article
          175851 Cardiology 1993;82:36–41
          10.1159/000175851
          8519008
          © 1993 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 6
          Categories
          Coronary Care

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