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      Two new species of braconid wasps (Hymenoptera, Braconidae) from India

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          Abstract

          Abstract

          Two new species viz., Pambolus ( Phaenodus) shujai sp. nov., and Parachremylus trachysi sp. nov., of braconid wasps are described as new to science. Parachremylus trachysi sp. nov., is reared from larvae of the leaf miner Trachys sp. ( Coleoptera , Buprestidae ) on Corchorus sp. (Wild Jute Plant). A new species of Pambolus Haliday along with two known species is also recorded. A key to the Indian species of Pambolus is also provided. Diagnoses with morphological characters and illustrations are provided.

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          Most cited references 24

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          Systematics of the cyclostome subfamilies of braconid parasitic wasps (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonoidea): a simultaneous molecular and morphological Bayesian approach.

          Phylogenetic relationships among 95 genera collectively representing 17 of the 18 currently recognized cyclostome braconid wasp subfamilies were investigated based on DNA sequence fragments of the mitochondrial COI and the nuclear 28S rDNA genes, in addition to morphological data. The treatment of sequence length variation of the 28S partition was explored by either excluding ambiguously aligned regions and indel information (28SN) or recoding them (28SA) using the 'fragment-level' alignment method with a modified coding approach. Bayesian MCMC analyses were performed for the separate and combined data sets and a maximum parsimony analysis was also carried out for the simultaneous molecular and morphological data sets. There was a significant incongruence between the two genes and between 28S and morphology, but not for morphology and COI. Different analyses with the 28SA data matrix resulted in topologies that were generally similar to the ones from the 28SN matrix; however, the former topologies recovered a higher number of significantly supported clades and had a higher mean Bayesian posterior probability, thus supporting the inclusion of information from ambiguously aligned regions and indel events in phylogenetic analyses where possible. Based on the significantly supported clades obtained from the simultaneous molecular and morphological analyses, we propose that a total of 17 subfamilies should be recognized within the cyclostome group. The subfamilial placements of several problematic cyclostome genera were also established.
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            Some illustrations of microsculpture in the Hymenoptera

             R. D. Eady (1968)
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              Biology of Braconidae

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                Zookeys
                Zookeys
                2
                urn:lsid:arphahub.com:pub:45048D35-BB1D-5CE8-9668-537E44BD4C7E
                urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:91BD42D4-90F1-4B45-9350-EEF175B1727A
                ZooKeys
                Pensoft Publishers
                1313-2989
                1313-2970
                2019
                14 November 2019
                : 889
                : 23-35
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Research Center for Advanced Materials Science (RCAMS), King Khalid University, 9004, Abha 61413, Saudi Arabia
                [2 ] Unit of Bee Research and Honey Production, Faculty of Science, King Khalid University, P.O. Box 9004, Abha 61413, Saudi Arabia
                [3 ] Biology Department, Faculty of Science, King Khalid University, P.O. Box 9004, Abha 61413, Saudi Arabia
                [4 ] Biology Department, Faculty of Sciences and Arts, Dhahran Al Janoub, King Khalid University, Saudi Arabia
                [5 ] Department of Zoology, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, 202002, UP., India
                Author notes
                Corresponding author: Zubair Ahmad ( dzubair@ 123456gmail.com )

                Academic editor: J. Fernandez-Triana

                Article
                36436
                10.3897/zookeys.889.36436
                6872585
                Zubair Ahmad, Hamed A. Ghramh, Anjum Ansari

                This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

                Funding
                Deanship of Scientific Research at King Khalid University.
                Categories
                Research Article
                Animalia
                Arthropoda
                Braconidae
                Hexapoda
                Hymenoptera
                Ichneumonoidea
                Insecta
                Invertebrata
                Systematics
                Asia
                Middle East

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