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      Effect of Ouabain and Alterations in Potassium Concentration on Relaxation Induced by Sodium Nitroprusside

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          Abstract

          Relaxation of the rat thoracic aorta induced by sodium nitroprusside, 8-bromo-cyclic GMP and cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase inhibitor M & B 22,948 was inhibited by exposure to K<sup>+</sup>-free solution and ouabain in a concentration-dependent manner. Relaxation occurring with the change in potassium concentration in media from 1 to 2 to 10 mM was increased by sodium nitroprusside, 8-bromo-cyclic GMP and M & B 22,948. Thus, agents and procedures known to decrease and increase the activity of the Na<sup>+</sup>, K<sup>+</sup>-pump, and presumably alter the membrane potential, inhibited and enhanced relaxation, respectively. Exposure to 1 mM K<sup>+</sup> solution increased the relaxation to low concentrations of sodium nitroprusside, but had no effect on relaxation induced by 8-bromo-cyclic GMP or M & B 22,948. Thus, another procedure which inhibits the Na<sup>+</sup>, K<sup>+</sup>-pump enhanced the effect of low concentrations of sodium nitroprusside on relaxation. Ouabain had no effect on sodium nitroprusside-induced accumulation of cyclic GMP. These results suggest that sodium nitroprusside may induce relaxation through cyclic GMP formation, effects on the Na<sup>+</sup>, K<sup>+</sup>-pump and/or hyper-polarization of the smooth muscle cell membrane.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1983
          1983
          19 September 2008
          : 20
          : 5
          : 255-264
          Affiliations
          Departments of Medicine and Pharmacology, Stanford University School of Medicine and Veterans Administration Medical Center, Palo Alto, Calif., USA
          Article
          158478 Blood Vessels 1983;20:255–264
          10.1159/000158478
          © 1983 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 10
          Categories
          Research Paper

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