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      Relationship between parental rearing styles, self-directed learning ability and depressive symptoms among high school students during the COVID-19 outbreak


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          Objective Explored the characteristics of parental rearing styles, and its association with depressive symptoms and the self-directed learning ability among high school students during COVID-19 epidemic, while providing a basis for family intervention in the area of adolescent mental health and students’ learning abilities.

          Methods A total of 2 893 high school students from the southern, central, and northern regions of Anhui Province were selected using a stratified-cluster sampling method in Feb. 2020. The online questionnaire survey regarding depressive symptoms, self-directed learning abilities, and rearing styles was administered using the smartphone application Questionnaire Star.

          Results The prevalence rate of depressive symptoms was 38.9% among high school students during the COVID-19 outbreak. The parental rearing styles of high school students who reported depressive symptoms were characterized as follows: the scores of the parental emotional warmth factor, while relatively high scores of other factors, except the preferred factor. In addition, all of the factors showed statistically significant differences ( P<0.01). The parental rearing styles of high school students with a weak self-directed learning ability were characterized as low scores in parental emotional warmth, parents’ prefer, and paternal over-protection ( P<0.05). Ordinal logistic regression analysis revealed that the negative correlation between depressive symptoms, low self-learning ability and parents’ emotional warmth (father OR=0.95, mother OR=0.95) and father’ over involvement ( OR=0.95), the positive correlation between depressive symptoms, low self-learning ability and father’ rejection ( OR=1.07) and over protection ( OR=1.06).

          Conclusion Depressive symptoms and the self-directed learning ability of high school students might be associated with paternal rearing styles, particularly in the case of emotional warmth.


          【摘要】 目的 探讨新型冠状病毒肺炎疫情控制期高中生抑郁症状与自学能力及父母教养方式的关系, 为开展青少年心 理健康和学习能力的家庭干预提供参考。 方法 2020 年 2 月, 采用分层整群抽样方法, 选取皖中、皖南及皖北 2 893 名高 中生为研究对象, 通过问卷星对学生开展抑郁症状、自学能力及父母教养方式等内容的在线调查。 结果 新冠肺炎疫情居 家隔离期间, 高中生抑郁症状检出率为 38.9%。有抑郁症状高中生的父母情感理解与温暖因子评分较低, 其余各因子评分 相对较高, 除父母偏爱被试因子外, 各因子比较差异均有统计学意义 ( P 值均<0.01)。自学能力较低学生的父母情感理解 与温暖、父母偏爱被试及父亲过度保护因子评分均较低, 父母惩罚与严厉、拒绝与否认因子评分较高 ( P 值均<0.05)。Ordinal 回归分析显示, 父母情感理解与温暖 ( OR 父亲=0.95, OR 母亲=0.95) 和父亲过分干涉 ( OR=0.95) 评分与高中生抑郁症状 及自学能力低下呈负相关, 父亲拒绝与否认 ( OR=1.07) 与父亲过度保护 ( OR=1.06) 评分与高中生抑郁症状及自学能力低 下呈正相关 ( P 值均<0.05)。 结论 高中生抑郁症状及学习能力与父母教养方式相关联, 尤以与情感理解与温暖因子及父 亲教养方式关联更为明显。

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          Author and article information

          Chinese Journal of School Health
          Chinese Journal of School Health (China )
          01 May 2021
          01 June 2021
          : 42
          : 5
          : 679-682
          [1] 1Hefei No.1 High School, Hefei (230601), China
          Author notes
          *Corresponding author: WANG Jun, E-mail: wangjun@ 123456ahmu.edu.cn
          © 2021 Chinese Journal of School Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

          Self URI (journal-page): http://www.cjsh.org.cn
          Journal Article

          Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pediatrics,Nutrition & Dietetics,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry,Public health
          Students,Coronavirus,Regression analysis,Education,Learning,Depression


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