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      Influence of Epoietinum Therapy on the Oxidative Stress in Haemodialysis Patients

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          Abstract

          Background: The causes of oxidative stress in haemodialysis (HD) patients are still controversial. Beside the uraemic state and dialysis-related factors, adjuvant drug therapies such as epoietinum (rHuEpo) and intravenous iron were involved. Methods: Several parameters related to oxidative stress were assessed by spectrophotometry in stable HD patients, treated for at least 2 months with epoietinum (n = 14; mean dose = 97.7 ± 19.1 U/kg/week) or not (n = 15), none of them on iron therapy, and in 13 controls. Plasma thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS) were used as markers of reactive species generation. Erythrocyte and plasma antioxidant systems, reflected by non-protein erythrocyte thiols, and erythrocyte enzyme activities – superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase, catalase and plasma total thiols, respectively – were also investigated. Results: There were no differences between HD subgroups regarding haemoglobin levels. Plasma TBARS was increased in all HD patients as opposed to controls, irrespective of rHuEpo therapy. In addition, no change in antioxidant status parameters between rHuEpo-treated and -untreated patients was observed. Except for SOD, the other antioxidant indices were higher in all HD patients versus controls. Conclusions: These results suggest that (1) chronic HD patients appear to have simultaneously enhanced reactive species generation and antioxidative systems efficiency, and (2) epoietinum therapy did not change their oxidative status, at least in the absence of concomitant iron supplementation and at similar haemoglobin levels.

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          Most cited references 15

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          [42] Determination of aldehydic lipid peroxidation products: Malonaldehyde and 4-hydroxynonenal

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            [5] Diversity of glutathione peroxidases

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              Oxidative stress and haemodialysis: role of inflammation and duration of dialysis treatment.

              Oxidative stress has long been demonstrated in haemodialysis patients. However, the factors influencing their oxidative status have not been characterized extensively in these patients. Therefore, the present study was designed to investigate the influence of a large number of factors known to be associated with oxidative stress. In the present cross-sectional study, we determined the plasma levels of lipid and protein oxidation markers in 31 non-smoking haemodialysis patients and 18 non-smoking healthy subjects, together with various components of the antioxidant system at the plasma and erythrocyte level. No influence of age, diabetes or iron overload on oxidative markers and plasma and erythrocyte antioxidant systems was detected in these haemodialysis patients. The lack of an association between iron overload and oxidative status may be related to the lower level of plasma ascorbate in haemodialysis patients, since ascorbate favours the generation of free iron from ferritin-bound iron. Interestingly, plasma C reactive protein (CRP) levels measured by highly sensitive CRP assay were correlated positively with plasma levels of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (r=0.38, P<0.04) and negatively with plasma alpha-tocopherol levels (r=-0.46, P<0.01). Moreover, significant inverse correlations were observed between duration of dialysis treatment and plasma levels of alpha-tocopherol (r=-0.49, P<0.02) and ubiquinol (r=-0.40, P<0.05). Our results suggest that inflammatory status and duration of dialysis treatment are the most important factors relating to oxidative stress in haemodialysis patients.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                NEC
                Nephron Clin Pract
                10.1159/issn.1660-2110
                Nephron Clinical Practice
                S. Karger AG
                1660-2110
                2005
                August 2005
                27 April 2005
                : 100
                : 4
                : c126-c132
                Affiliations
                aDr Carol Davila Teaching Hospital of Nephrology and bBiochemistry Department, Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania
                Article
                85441 Nephron Clin Pract 2005;100:c126–c132
                10.1159/000085441
                15860924
                © 2005 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 3, Tables: 2, References: 22, Pages: 1
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                Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/85441
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